A Day in a Country is a short story written by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov who was a Russian playwright and a short story-writer. Word meanings and solutions of the chapter A Day in a country is given below.
Summary; A Day in The Country Class 8 English Wind Chimes
‘A Day in the country’ is written by Author Chekhov. The story is about a homeless cobbler named Terenty and how he is caring toward the other two orphan children.
In the beginning of the story a beggar girl named Fyokla, who is six years old comes running through a village. The village is preparing for an approaching storm. She addresses everyone as ‘uncle’. She is searching for some particular person. She finally finds Terenty in the kitchen-garden. He is a ‘tall old man with a thin, pock-marked face, very long legs, and bare feet, dressed in a woman’s tattered jacket’. He does not look like a hero. But Fyokla is searching desperately for someone to help in freeing her brother Danilka, whose hand is stuck in a tree. Terenty does not give importance to the approaching storm and talking reassuringly in fatherly tones he goes to free Fyokla’s brother. The story tells us that Terenty ‘answers all questions, and there is no secret in Nature which baffles him. He knows everything’. The writer further adds that indeed ‘all the villagers, generally speaking, know as much as he does. But the difference is that Terenty is willing to share his knowledge and time with the two orphan children. The children love him for this reason. The two children retire to a deserted barn after spending the day with Terenty. And Terenty goes to the tavern. Chekhov further talks about Terenty’s sincerity and love for the two orphan children. Terenty comes back later and places bread under their heads making the sign of the cross while they are asleep. In this way Terenty tries to make the lives of Fyokla and Danilka, a little better than his own.
A Day in a Country- Word Meanings
eulogise– praise; delights – joy, pleasure; whiff – smell; beam – a flash or glow of light; refuge – shelter; frolics – play happily, blows; spurt – a burst or gush; preoccupied – thinking and worrying continuously about, lost in thoughts; pock – a spot on the skin like a blister or pimple; tattered – old and torn, ragged; drowsy – sleepy and sluggish; shove – to push roughly; pursue – to follow; grim – serious looking; lisping – fault in pronouncing letters like pronouncing ‘s’ as ‘th’; copse – a small area of trees or bushes growing together; speck – mark or spot; mutter – utter words in quiet voice; spite – malice, feeling to hurt or upset or humiliate somebody; peal – a loud noise; strides – to walk with long steps; gust of wind – a sudden increased rush of wind; stumble – to hit things on the way unknowingly while walking or moving; stump – the left bottom part of a tree; slacken – loosen or make slower; snap off – break; abates – to become less intense or less strong; rogues – someone who behaves badly but in a harmless way; downpour – heavy rainfall; drenched – completely wet; huddled – sitting crowded and packed together; fall in – drop or come down; vigorously – with strength and energy; tremendous – great; random – with no objective, purpose or aim; baffle – to confuse or puzzle; frail – weak and thin; unceasingly – without stopping; lagging – remaining behind or walking slow; tripping – falling; inexhaustible – very great, that cannot be used up or finished; mashed – crushed and soft; whisk – moving suddenly and quickly; barn – a large farm building for storing grain and keeping animals; tavern – an inn; lanky – tall and thing; impressions – marks and effects; longs – wishes; haunted – came to the mind and feelings again and again; agitate – move, upset or disturb; caressingly – touching gently with love, affection and tenderness;
- Her brother Danilka’s hand was stuck in a tree and she wanted help.
- They are all busy as a storm was approaching.
- He loves and values all aspects of Nature.
- He comments about the thunder.
- It bursts open and all the ants scatter.
- He draws a cross over them and puts some bread under their heads.
- a. The child is Fyokla.
b. She is anxious and in deep turmoil.
c. She wants to know the whereabouts of Uncle Terenty as he would help her brother Danilka,
whose hand was stuck in the hollow of a tree.
- a. Terenty, Danilka and his sister Fyokla.
b. Danilka’s hand was stuck in a tree. So Terenty and Fyokla came to the copse to help him.
c. It was ‘darkened’ because of the storm
- a. Terenty
b. The ants
c. He calls them rogues affectionately as they are running helter-skelter when their ant heap
- A storm was gathering, there was lightning, there was thunder in the distance, a warm wind was blowing, and anytime it would begin to rain.
- He doesn’t seem to be very concerned as the first thing he says to Terenty is about the thunder.
- He knows that when a swarm is flying one needs to sprinkle water over them to settle them and how to take them all into a sack.
- They want to know how a thing without life and no horses to pull it can move dragging weights. Terenty explains how the steam gives it power to do so.
- Fyokla is emotional, a little weaker than her brother. Her brother is strong, interested in all aspects of Nature.
- They all know a lot which they have not learnt from books but from life and being close to Nature.
- The rain provides nutrition to the trees just as bread to us.
- Terenty has grown close to Nature and observed the minutest happenings in Nature by keeping his eyes and ears open.
- Danilka looks up to Terenty and laps up whatever he tells him about anything about Nature. He wants to be like him.
- He is basically a good and kind soul. He too is poor and no one else in his life. He understands the plight of the homeless children.
- Yes, Terenty is completely in tune with nature as he answers all the questions asked by Danilka mostly about nature. He explains the reason behind the thunder, tells as why the bees were sitting huddled together on the tree, gives a lesson to Danilka through the flooded ant heap and proves his knowledge of medicinal plants when he tells as how the plant leaves could cure the bleeding nose.
- Terenty was homeless but a very kind and generous person. He cared for the orphan children Fyokla and Danilka. He had a great knowledge of nature and medicinal plants. He knew the psychology of children and had patience to answer the queries by giving the children company and time. He did not disappoint Fyokla and despite bad weather he helped Danilka getting his hand out of the hole.
A. address, mutter, lisp, whisper, answer, cries, informs
B. Answers may vary. Accept all appropriate responses. Encourage learners to come up with their own answers.
C. 1. h ; 2. i ; 3. a ; 4. g ; 5. b ; 6. e ; 7. c ; 8. d ; 9. j ; 10. f