The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Important CBSE Board Exam Questions Class 10 History

The Rise of Nationalism Important Questions Asked in Past Years Board Exams: Here are given questions with answers from the last 10 years’ Board Exams in History Class 10. Answers are based on as guided by CBSE marking Schemes for full scoring in History CBSE Exams.

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Class 10 History Chapter – Rise of nationalism in Europe Video

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The Rise of Nationalism in Europe- Important Past Years’ Board Questions

Answers of remaining questions will be posted soon.

CBSE Social Science Exam Questions

Year 2020– 22

Q.1. Examine the significance of the Statue of Liberty in Frederic Sorrieu’s paintings,’ The Dream of the World Wide Democratic and Socialist Republics’. (2020)

Ans. In the Sorrieu’s paintings the ‘Statue of Liberty’ is personified as women bearing the Torch of Enlightenment in one hand and the Charter of the Rights in the other. The statue signifies the rise of nationalism to establish nation states based on democratic principles with inalienable human rights.

Q.2. How did the Greek war of Independence mobilise nationalist feelings among the educated elite across Europe? Explain. (2020, 11)

Ans. Greek war of independence mobilized the nationalist feeling in Europe through the following ways:

(i) Greece was viewed as a part of Europe that had been annexed by Ottomans and now needed to be liberated.

(ii) Greece perceived as the foundation and cradle of civilisation in Europe by poets and artists and this led to nationalist consciousness.

(iii) Greek nationalists received support from other Greeks living in exile.

Q.3. Why is it said that the 1830s were the years of great hardships in Europe? Explain. (2020, 19, 17, 16,)

Ans. The decade of 1830 had brought great economic hardship or crisis in Europe due to the following reasons:

(i) The first half of the 19th century saw an enormous increase in population all over Europe.

(ii) Job-seekers were more and employment opportunities were less.

(iii) People from rural areas migrated to cities and made cities over-crowded slums.

(iv) Small producers often faced stiff competition from imports of cheap machine-made goods.

(v) Peasants struggled under the burden of feudal dues and obligations.

Q.4. How did nationalism align with imperialism to become the cause of the First World war? Explain. (2020)

Ans. The Balkan states had become the region of intense rivalry among the Balkan states themselves for independence as well as the big powers for expansion and influence in the region. Reasons for the growth of nationalist tension in Balkan region:

(i) The Balkan was a region of geographical and ethnic variations comprising of modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro. The inhabitants were called Slavs.

(ii) The spread of romantic nationalism led to its disintegration.

(iii) Different Slavic nationalities struggled to define their identity.

(iv) Balkan region became a region of intense conflict over expansion of territory.

(v) At the same time, the great European Powers –Russia, Germany, England and Austria-Hungary were keen on taking the control of the Balkan region, since it was important from trade point of view.

(vi) This led to the series of wars in the region and finally became the cause of the First World War.

Class 10 Social Science Important Questions

Frederic Sorrieu’s Paintings

Q.     Describe the significance of the Statue of Liberty in Frederic Sorrieu’s paintings “The dream of worldwide democratic and socialist republics”? (2020)

Ans. In the Sorrieu’s paintings the ‘Statue of Liberty’ is personified as women bearing the Torch of Enlightenment in one hand and the Charter of the Rights in the other. The statue signifies the rise of nationalism to establish nation states based on democratic principles with inalienable human rights.

Impact of the French Revolution

Q. Describe the event of the French Revolution which had influenced the people belonging to other parts of Europe. (2015)

OR. “The first clear expression of nationalism came with the ‘French Revolution’ in 1789.” Examine the statement.


Q. What was the status of France as a state before 1789? Which two political and constitutional changes came in the wake of the French Revolution? (2015)


Rise of Nationalism – Developing a Sense of Collective Identity

2.     Describe steps taken by French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity among the French people? (2010,12,16)

Napoleonic Code

Q. List any three features of the Civil Code of 1804 usually known as the Napoleonic Code.

OR. How had Napoleonic code exported to the regions under French control? Explain with examples.

5.     How did the local people in the areas conquered by the Napoleon react to the French rule? (2014)

6.     Why was the Napoleonic rule over other regions unpopular with some sections of Europe? (2012)

7.     Describe the impact of Napoleonic reforms on the rest of Europe. (2015)

8.     Explain the changes which Napoleon introduce to make the administrative system more efficient in Europe (2011).

OR. “Napoleon had destroyed democracy in France but in the administrative field, he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make whole system more rational and efficient. “Analyse the statement with arguments. (2016)

New Conservatism – Treaty of Vienna

9.     How did the Treaty of Vienna change the map of Europe? (2012)

OR. How did conservatives establish their power after 1815? (2012,16)

10.  Explain any three provisions the treaty of Vienna of 1815. (2012)

11.  Explain the objectives of the Treaty of Vienna. (2011,12)

12.  Why did most of the ‘conservative regimes’ impose censorship laws to control printed material associated with the French Revolution in 1815? (2019)

13.  Why in the years after 1848, the autocrats of central and Eastern Europe began to introduce the changes that had already taken place in Western Europe before 1815? Explain. (2016)

Liberalism and Zollverein

14.  Explain the conditions that were viewed as obstacles to the economic exchange and growth by the new commercial classes during the nineteenth century in Europe? (2014)


Interpret the concept of ‘liberalisation’ in the field of economic sphere during the 19th century in Europe. (2019)

15.  What does the term ‘Liberalism’ mean? What did it mean to different classes and people? (2012)

17.  What happened during the year following 1815 when the fear of repression drove many liberal-nationalists underground? Explain. (2016)

18.  How had revolutionaries spread their ideas in many European states after 1815? Explain with example. (2014)

19.  Describe the role of Giuseppe Mazzini as an Italian revolutionary. (2012)

20.  What were the effects of revolutionary upheaval in France in 1830? (2012)

Greek War of Independence

21.  How did Greek War of independence mobilized nationalists feeling among the educated elite across Europe? (2020, 2011)


(i) Greek war of Independence of 1821 was a successful war waged for independence of Greece which had been a part of Ottoman Empire since the fifteenth century.

(ii) Revolutionary Nationalism inspired this struggle. West Europeans and Greeks in prison supported this struggle against the huge Muslim empire.

(iii) Greek poets and artists used the rich ancient heritage and culture of Greece to mobilise public opinion.

(iv) Treaty of Constantinople declared Greece Independent in July, 1832.

Romanticism – Role of language and Folk Culture

22.  How did Romanticism pave the way for Nationalism in Europe? Explain. (2012)

OR. Define the term Romanticism. How did it facilitate the promotion of nationalist sentiment? (2016)

23.  How did culture play an important role in Europe in creating the idea of the nation? (2012,13, 16)

24.  Explain the role of languages in developing the national sentiment in Europe. (2011)

25.  How did Nationalism develop through the culture in Europe? Explain. (2015)

Years of Great Hardship – 1830s

26.  Why were the years of 1830s of great hardship in Europe? Explain any five reasons.

OR. “The decade of 1830 had brought great economic hardship in Europe”. Support the statement with arguments. (2011,12,16, 17, 19, 20)

1848 Revolution of the Liberals

27.  Explain the 1848 revolution of the liberals. What were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals? (2012)

Ans. The educated middle class led the Revolution of Liberals in 1848. They emphasised upon the following ideals:

(i) Politically, they stressed on the establishment of government by consent, freedom of press.

(ii) Socially, they asserted the abolition of all hereditary privileges.

(iii) Economically, they stood for abolition of trade restrictions imposed by the state.

(v) Middle-class professionals, businessmen and prosperous artisans came together in the city of Frankfurt to vote for an all-German National Assembly.

Frankfurt Parliament

(i) On 18 May, 1848, 831 elected representatives marched in a festive procession to take their places in the Frankfurt Parliament convened in the Church of St. Paul.

(ii) A Constitution was drafted which instructed the German nation to be headed by a monarchy subject to a parliament.

(iii) The parliament lacked a broader support as the parliament was dominated by the middle classes who resisted the demands of workers and artisans.

(iv) King of Prussia, Friedrich Wilhelm IV rejected the offer of crown and joined other monarchs to oppose the elected assembly.

(v) . The Assembly could not sustain the opposition from monarchy and Junkers. It was forced to dissolve and was disbanded.

Unification of Germany

28.  Describe the process of unification of Germany. (2010,11,15)

29.  Otto von Bismarck was the architect of ‘German Unification ‘. Explain. (2012)

Unification of Italy

30.  Examine the conditions of Italy before unification. (2012)

31.  Who was Cavour? Explain his contributions to the unification of Italy. (2011,12)

32.  Describe the process of Unification of Italy. (2012,14,15)

33.  Describe the role of Giuseppe Mazzini in the Unification of Italy. (2012)

Unification of Britain

34.  Describe the process of Unification of Britain. (2015)

35.  In Britain the formation of the nation-state was not the result of a sudden upheaval or revolution. Validate the statement with relevant arguments. (2016)


How did Britain come into existence as a nation-state? Explain. (2019)

36.  With reference to Scotland and Ireland, explain how British Nationalism grew at the cost of other cultures. (2012)

Visualising the Nation

37.  “While it is easy enough to represent a ruler through a portrait or a statue, how does one go about giving a face to a nation. “Examine this statement in the context of Europe Nationalism in five points. (2012)

38.  Name the female allegory who represents France. Describe her main characteristics. (2012)

39.  How had the female figures become an allegory of the nation during nineteenth century in Europe? Analyse. (2016)

Balkan Crisis

40.  Briefly trace the geographical and ethnic variations of Balance region. Why did this region become politically very explosive? (2014)


What is meant by Balkan? Why did it turn into a perennial source of tension and proved the battlefield of the first World War? (2012)


How did the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire make Balkan region very explosive? Explain. (2014)


Describe the explosive conditions prevailed in Balkans after 1871 in Europe. (2018)

41.  “Nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment by the last quarter of the nineteenth century in Europe.”  Analyse the statement with examples. (2016)


“The idealistic liberal-democratic sentiment of Nationalism in the first half of nineteenth century became a narrow creed with limited ends.”  Examine the statement. (2015)


How did nationalism align with imperialism to become the cause of the First Word War? Explain. (2020)


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This Post Has 8 Comments

  1. abhinav singh

    Thankyou sir for these important question i am very sure that this will help us in bord exams

  2. Ishwar sharan shukla

    Sir pls give the summaries of poems . we need it

  3. Kumail

    Sir plz give answers of these questions

  4. Abdul Ahad

    Sir may you please nake the notes of RISE OF NATIONALISM IN EUROPE

  5. Arpit Sharma

    Good afternoon sir,
    I am your student of class 10th and I appreciated by your wonderful work. Sir i requested you to that could you please post notes of the chapter 1st rise of nationalism in Europe for a better examination performance.Sir, Please help me to put out of this situation as my board has been come and I have to revise this chapter with your wonderful and deepened notes.
    Waiting for your hopeful reply 🙏.

    1. Sirji

      The exams for class x for 2020-21 have been cancelled.

  6. Affan arif

    Amazing notes

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