Jane Eyre at Lowood Institution: Here you will get Meanings of difficult words, summary and answers to textbook exercise questions of the chapter ‘Jane Eyre at Lowood Institution’. Students may put their doubts and queries in the comment box.
Meanings: Jane Eyre at Lowood Institution
|Look after||To take care of||देखभाल करना, ध्यान रखना|
|Raise||Bring up||पालना -पोसना|
|Callous||Unfeeling, cruel||निर्दयी, कठोर|
|Exclude||To keep away or prevent from participating||शामिल न करना|
|Tendency||An inclination to do something||आदत, प्रवृति, झुकाव या रुझान|
|Deceive||Cheat, mislead||धोका देना|
|Modestly||Simple with no show off of any importance||विनम्र, साधारण, मामूली, बिना कोई दिखावा करते हुए|
|Dread||Fear, be afraid of||डरना|
|Endure||To bear or tolerate||सहन करना, बर्दाश्त करना|
|Accusation||A charge or blame of wrong doing||आरोप, इल्जाम|
|Refectory||A room where meals are served||भोजन कक्ष|
|Retire||Withdraw or leave, go to or from a place||हट जाना या चले जाना|
|Spell||Charm, enchantment, magical effect, a strong influence||वशीकरण जैसा गहरा प्रभाव|
|Dissolve||Melt or break up||खत्म हो जाना|
|Overwhelming||Very great or strong||जबर्दशत|
|Grief||Sorrow, suffering, unhappiness||दुख, कष्ट|
|Seize||To take hold of suddenly by force, capture the attention or imagination of||जकड़ लेना, अपने वश में कर लेना|
|Prostrate||Lying flat||दंडवत लेटा हुआ|
|Abandon||To give oneself completely to||छोड़ देना|
|I had meant||Sincerely intended to do so||मेरा पूरा मन था|
|Visible||That can be seen||जो नजर आए|
|Warmly||With love and affection, in a friendly manner||प्यार ओर गर्मजोशी के साथ|
|Appreciatively||Gratefully||कद्र ओर सराहना करते हुए|
|Received||Accepted||अगवानी करना, स्वीकार करना, अपनाना|
|Crushed||जो कुचल दिया गया हो|
|Tread||To walk over with feet||के ऊपर से पैर रखते हुए चल जाना|
|Ardently||Passionately||बहुत मन से|
|Crumb||A tine piece of bread||रोटी का टुकड़ा|
|Choke||To be unable to breath||दम घुटना|
|Embrace||To put your arms around||बाहों में भरना, आलिंगन करना|
|Rest||To lie, lean||टेकना या टिकाना|
|Despise||To hate, dislike, look down upon||घृणा या नापसंद करना|
|Pity||Feel sorry for somebody||दया दिखाना, तरस खाना|
|Covert||Secret or hidden||छुपा हुआ|
|Dare||Show boldness and courage||हिम्मत, साहस|
|Coldly||Unfriendly, without any favorable reaction||बड़े रूखेपन से|
|Persevere||To continue doing despite all odds and difficulties||निरंतर प्रयत्न करते रहना, डटे रहना|
|Conscience||Thoughts and your sense of right and wrong||अंतरात्मा की आवाज|
|Approve||Accept and agree||अपनी मंजूरी देना|
|Absolve||Forgive, make free from a blame||छमा करना, दोषमुक्त करना|
|Guilt||The feeling of shame and regret||अपने आप को दोषी महसूस करना|
|Charge||Blame or any allegation||आरोप|
|Weakly||Lacking strength||जिसमे दम न हो|
|Pompous||Behavior showing that you are important than others||दिखावा करना|
|Repose||Rest with calm and quiet||शांत पड़े रहना|
|Intricate||Complicated with turns and twists||जटिल, जो सीधा न हो|
|Accuse||To blame||दोष लगाना|
|Accused||Charged with crime or offence||अभियुक्त|
|Prove||Shiw with facts and evidence||साबित करना|
|Benefactress||A woman who helps people or institutions with money and aids||शुभचिंतक|
|Of own accord||Of one’s own free will or desire||अपनी खुद की इच्छा से|
|Keep me||To look after and take care of||रखना, देखभाल करना|
|Defend||To protect against a charge||बचाव करना|
|Exaggerate||Large or over estimation||बढ़ाचढ़ा कर कहना|
|Moderate||Within reasonable limits||संयमित ओर संतुलित|
|Resolve||Take a firm decision||संकल्प लेना, निश्चय करना|
|Coherently||Clearly||अपनी बात को तार्किक ढंग से रखना|
|Exhausted||Completely used up and tired||खत्म या थका हुआ|
|Subdued||Quiet and restrained tone||दबा-दबा सा ओर धीमा|
|Theme||Subject or topic of discussion||विषय|
|Mindful||Aware||का ख्याल रखते हुए|
|Indulgence||Yielding to desires ad whims||मन का संतोष ओर इसको पााने के लिए की जाने वाली के लिए की जाने वाली कोशिशशिश|
|Resentment||Feeling of anger and unhappiness||क्रोध-नाराजगी|
|Infuse into||To introduce or add or mix into||किसी के मन या दिमाग में कोई बात डाल देना|
|Gall and wormwood||A strong feeling of bitterness and resentment||मन की कड़वाहट, गहरी नाराजगी ओर आक्रोश|
|Fit||The period of strong feeling of shock||सदमा लगना, दौरा पड़ना|
|Regard||To look into a particular way||देखना-घूरना|
|Contented||Feeling happiness and pleasure||संतुष्ट|
|Proceeded||Moved ahead and continued talking||आगे बढ़ते हुए बात-चीत जारी रखना|
|Pensive||Thinking deeply||विचारमग्न, गंभीरता से सोचते हुए|
|Rousing||Become acting and aware to take action needed||उत्साह बढ़ाने वाला, कोई कदम उठाने के लिए तत्पर|
|Fragrant||With pleasant smell||सुगंधित|
|Dismay||Sad feeling at unpleasant happenings||निराशा|
|Withdraw||To move back||हटना,वापस हो जाना|
|Morsel||A small amount of food||भोजन का एक कौर|
|Generous||More than is necessary, large amount||उदार ओर प्रचुर मात्र में|
|Famished||Very hungry||बहुत भूखा|
|Appetite||Desire for food||भूख|
|Liberally||Giving in large amount||दानशील, उदार हृदय वाला|
|Indeed||Really||सच में, वास्तव में,|
|Privilege||Honour, something that you are proud and lucky to have the opportunity to do||सौभाग्य, गौरव|
|Alleged||Declared but not yet proved||तथाकथित, सिर्फ कहा गया पर सच पता नहीं|
|Ranks||Groups, rows||मंडली, कतार|
|Relieved||Feeling relaxed and glad after getting free of any duty, obligation, guilt etc.||राहत, छूट|
|Grievous||Painful and burdensome||दुखदाई|
|Toil||Work hard||कड़ी मेहनत|
|Barmecide||Lavish and plentiful in imagination only, illusory||सिर्फ कल्पना जगत में, एक प्रकार से छलावा|
|Wont to||In the habit of doing something||किसी चीज की आदत|
|Cravings||Strong desires for something||तमन्ना, उत्कट इच्छा|
|Feast||Eat with pleasure||भोज का आनंद लेना|
|Picturesque||Pretty, charming, interesting or quaint||सुरम्य और सुंदर|
|Privation||Lack of basic necessities needed for a living, hardship, poverty||चीजों ओर सुविधावों का अभाव और कमी|
This is an extract from Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre. Finally, at five o’clock, the students disperse, and Jane collapses to the floor. Deeply mortified, she is sure that her reputation at Lowood has been ruined, but Helen, her friend and co-learner at the institute, assures her that most of the girls felt more pity for Jane than loathing at her unproven fraudulence. Jane informs Miss Temple that she is not a liar, and narrates the story of her grief-stricken childhood at Gateshead. Miss Temple believes Jane and writes to Mr. Lloyd requesting validation of Jane’s account of events. Miss Temple offers Jane and Helen tea and seed cake, endearing herself even further to Jane. When Mr. Lloyd’s letter arrives and upholds Jane’s story, Miss Temple declares Jane to be innocent in front of the entire school. Comforted and relaxed, Jane dedicates herself to her studies.
Textbook Exercise Solutions
- Jane was miserable as Mr Brocklehurst had told the entire school that she was ungrateful and had the habit of telling lies.
- Helen Burns came to console Jane.
- Helen brought coffee and bread for Jane.
- Miss Temple came to see Jane on purpose. She knew that Jane was upset after what Mr Brocklehurst had said about her in the class.
- Mrs Reed had fed Mr Brocklehurst with wrong things about Jane’s behaviour. She had told him that the girl was not only ungrateful but also told lies.
- Mrs Reed was supposed to take care of Jane as she was her Jane’s wife. And since the uncle was dead, he left her to Mrs Reed’s care.
- a. Jane Eyre is the speaker.
b. Helen Burns is her friend and another pupil in the school.
c. The speaker said ‘nothing sustained me’ as she was overwhelmed with her grief. She was feeling
extremely sad because of what Mr Brocklehurst had said about her to others.
d. ‘Abandon myself’ here means that she was allowing the sorrow to overwhelm her.
- a. Jane was mistaken about herself. After what Mr Brocklehurst had told everyone about her, she
thought that everyone would despise here and dislike her.
b. The speaker is Helen Burns.
c. The speaker thought that people in the school pitied Jane as everyone knew about Mr
Brocklehurst’s attitude and behaviour. So when he accused Jane about being ungrateful and
telling lies, everyone pitied Jane for the same.
d. The speaker is talking about the Lowood school.
- a. ‘She’ is Miss Temple here.
b. The speaker means that she understands the position of Jane and all that she had been accused
of by Mr Brocklehurst in the school that day. It meant that Miss temple did not give in to what
Mr Brocklehurst said about her.
c. She told Miss Temple the story of her sad childhood and stated her state of affairs while she
was with Mrs Reed, her aunt.
d. Helen was unwell as she had cough and pain in her chest.
1. Jane felt awful and extremely sad. She was overwhelmed with grief over what Mr. Brocklehurst had mentioned about her in front of everyone in the school that day. Grief and agony had seized her and she wept profusely. She sank prostrate with face on the ground and felt terrible.
2. Jane worried about people’s opinion about her. Various instances from the text proves this. When Mr. Brocklehurst accuses her of being ungrateful and telling lies, she is worried about her reputation at school and how the other fellow pupils and teachers would think about her. She thinks after that episode everyone would despise and dislike her. For example: ‘Helen, why do you stay with a girl whom everybody believes to be a liar?’; ‘The eighty, I know, despise me.’; ‘How can they pity me after what Mr. Brocklehurst has said?’; ‘…I cannot bear to be solitary and hated. To gain some real affection from you, or Miss Temple, or any other woman I truly love, I would willingly submit to have the bone of my arm broken or to let a bull toss me, or…’
3. Helen told Jane that Mr. Brocklehurst was not liked at the Lowood institution by anyone. If he had treated her as his favourite she would have enemies all around her. She agreed that Mr. Brocklehurst had weakly and pompously repeated second-hand information from Mrs. Reed and declared her to be ungrateful and a liar in front of the entire school.
4. When Helen explained to Jane that Mr. Brocklehurst was not liked by anyone at the Lowood institution. Despite his mentioning that she was ungrateful and a liar, teachers and pupils had friendly feelings concealed for her in their hearts. Besides, he was under the influence of Mrs. Reed and had weakly and pompously repeated what Mrs. Reed had told him about Jane.
5. Miss Temple had kind attitude towards Jane. She came to check upon her and console her. She even took her and Helen to her quarters and made them comfortable. She even agreed to hear Jane’s side of story knowing that she had been charged with falsehood. She gave her a chance to defend for herself. She appears a liberal, kind-hearted woman concerned about the well-being of her pupils.
6. While narrating her story, Jane resolved in the depth of her heart that she would be moderate and most correct. She was mindful of what Helen had mentioned about indulgence of resentment and without sounding biased or adding her woes, bitterness and sad feelings narrated her story about her sad childhood.
7. Jane told Miss Temple that Mrs. Reed was his uncle’s wife and was her caretaker as her uncle was dead. She had not adopted Jane happily and had only done so as her uncle had made her promise to take care of Jane after he was gone.
8. Miss Temple announced that an inquiry had been made into the charges alleged against Jane and that’s he was happy to pronounce her completely clear from every charge.
9. Jane did not dream of food that night as she was relaxed and excited, rather happy that she had been cleared of the charges against her. Since her mind was at ease, she focused on the possibility of translating the French story which Madame Pierrot had shown her that day.
10. Write for yourself.
- am preparing
- are quarrelling
- have won
- has swept
- has been reading
- has been playing
- has been saying
- have been working