Nationalism in India MCQs Class 10 History CBSE

MCQs (Multiple Choice Questions) of the chapter ‘Nationalism in India’ are given here. Answers of all the questions are given in the last. Attempt all questions before checking for the answers given in the last.

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MCQs: Nationalism in India Class 10 History


1. In which among the following sessions was the Non-Cooperation Movement resolution adopted?

Select the correct answer.

A. Surat

B. Mumbai

C. Lahore

D. Nagpur

2. Which among the following is true with respect to the Rowlatt Act?

A. Imposed restrictions on the press

B. Permitted Indian judges to try European subjects in India

C. Gave an impetus to the launch of Civil Disobedience Movement

D. Allowed detention of political prisoners without trial

Read the extract and answer the questions given below.

 3.

3. Read the extract and answer the questions given below.

Mahatma Gandhi on Satyagraha

‘It is said of “passive resistance” that it is the weapon of the weak, but the power which is the subject of this article can be used only by the strong. This power is not passive resistance; indeed, it calls for intense activity. The movement in South Africa was not passive but active …

‘Satyagraha is not physical force. A satyagrahi does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not seek his destruction … In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill-will whatever.

‘Satyagraha is pure soul-force. Truth is the very substance of the soul. That is why this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it burns the flame of love. … Nonviolence is the supreme dharma …‘It is certain that India cannot rival Britain or Europe in force of arms. The British worship the war-god and they can all of them become, as they are becoming, bearers of arms. The hundreds of millions in India can never carry arms. They have made the religion of non-violence their own …’ (NCERT Textbook Page 31)

Select the correct answer

Q. What did the idea of satyagraha mean?

Select the correct answer

A. Power to awaken the conscience of the oppressor

B. Power to defeat falsehood

C. Power of fasting and praying

D. Power of truth and the need to search for it

4. Which of the following was one of the programmes of the Non-Cooperation Movement?

A. Surrendering titles awarded by government

B. Holding protest marches against government policies

C. Breaking the salt law

D. Attacking government buildings

5. What was Mahatma Gandhi’s intention in starting the Non-Cooperation Movement in support of the Khilafat movement?

A. To unite Hindus and Muslims

B. To intervene in the Khalifat issue

C. To support the British against the Khalifa

D. To support Ali brothers


6. Which among the following Acts stopped plantation workers from leaving tea gardens without permission?

A. Inland Emigration Act of 1859

B. Immigration Act of 1910

C. Workman’s Breach of Contract Act of 1859

D. Tea District Emigrant Act XXII of 1932

7. Which among the following is true of the movement organised by Awadh peasants?

A. Peasants rebelled against tribal leaders.

B. Baba Ramchandra was captured and executed by the British.

C. Mahatma Gandhi’s name was used to sanction actions.

D. Kisan Sabha was set up by Mahatma Gandhi to address the issues of peasants.

8. Read the extract and answer the questions given below.

On 6 January 1921, the police in United Provinces fired at peasants near Rae Bareli. Jawaharlal Nehru wanted to go to the place of firing but was stopped by the police. Agitated and angry, Nehru addressed the peasants who gathered around him. This is how he later described the meeting:

‘They behaved as brave men, calm and unruffled in the face of danger. I do not know how they felt, but I know what my feelings were. For a moment, my blood was up, non-violence was almost forgotten – but for a moment only. The thought of the great leader, who by God’s goodness has been sent to lead us to victory, came to me, and I saw the kisans seated and standing near me, less excited, more peaceful than I was – and the moment of weakness passed, I spoke to them in all humility on non-violence – I needed the lesson more than they – and they heeded me and peacefully dispersed.’

Quoted in Sarvapalli Gopal, Jawaharlal Nehru: A Biography, Vol. I. (NCERT Textbook Page 35)

Q. “The thought of the great leader, who by God’s goodness has been sent to lead us to victory, came to me, …” Jawaharlal Nehru is referring to which great leader?

Select the correct answer

A. Baba Ramchandra

B. Sarvapalli Gopal

C. Alluri Sitaram Raju

D. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

9. Which among the following is true of the participation of tribal peasants of Gudem Hills, Andhra Pradesh, in the Non-Cooperation Movement?

A. Alluri Sitaram Raju believed in a non-violent struggle to gain independence

B. Alluri Sitaram Raju opposed Gandhi’s Non- Cooperation Movement

C. Tribals supported the British rule

D. Tribals started a militant guerrilla movement in 1920s

10. Which of the following reasons was responsible for calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement by Gandhiji?

A. Gandhiji’s arrest

B. Pressure from the British Government

C. Chauri Chaura incident

D. Second Round Table Conference

11. Which among the following Acts stopped plantation workers from leaving tea gardens without permission?

A. Inland Emigration Act of 1859

B. Tea District Emigrant Act XXII of 1932

C. Workman’s Breach of Contract Act of 1859

D. Immigration Act of 1910Check AnswerI’ll attempt later


12. Which among the following events led to the protests in the streets of Peshawar in 1930?

A. Arrest of Abdul Ghaffar Khan

B. Imposition of salt tax

C. Arrest of Mahatma Gandhi

D. Increased land revenueCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

12. Identify the reason for the formation of Swaraj Party within the Congress.

A. To demand dominion status for India

B. To return to Council Politics

C. To demand purna swaraj for Indians

D. To oppose Simon CommissionCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

13. Which among the following factors prevailed at the time of formation of the Statutory Commission?

A. World War I

B. Worldwide economic depression

C. Bengal famine

D. Anglo-French warsCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

14. Read the extract and answer the questions given below :

This marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement. How was this movement different from the Non-Cooperation Movement? People were now asked not only to refuse cooperation with the British, as they had done in 1921–22, but also to break colonial laws. Thousands in different parts of the country broke the salt law, manufactured salt and demonstrated in front of government salt factories. As the movement spread, foreign cloth was boycotted, and liquor shops were picketed. Peasants refused to pay revenue and chaukidari taxes, village officials resigned, and inmany places forest people violated forest laws – going into Reserved Forests to collect wood and graze cattle. (NCERT History, Page nos. 39- 40)

Q. How did tribals participate in the Civil Disobedience Movement? Select the correct answer

Select the correct answer

A. They refused to pay chaukidari taxes.

B. They refused to pay land revenue.

C. They disobeyed forest laws.

D. They resigned from government offices.Check AnswerI’ll attempt later

15. What did Lord Irwin announce to placate the protest against the Simon Commission?

Select the correct answer.

A. Purna Swaraj

B. Dominion Status

C. Arms Act

D. The Rowlatt Act

16. Which among the following is true of Purna Swaraj?

A. Passed under the leadership of C R Das

B. Concept attracted the attention of people from different sections of society

C. 26 January to be celebrated as Independence Day

D. Passed in the Bombay session of the CongressCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

17. Gandhiji wrote a letter stating his eleven demands to which of the following viceroys?

A. Lord Linlithgow

B. Lord Dufferin

C. Lord Chelmsford

D. Lord Irwin

18. Which among the following factors encouraged Gandhiji to relaunch the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Failure of the Simon Commission

B. A new cycle of repression by British government

C. Failure of Second Round Table Conference

D. Persuasion of Congress leadersCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

19. Which among the following was one of the provisions of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

A. Congress participation in First Round Table Conference

B. Congress participation in Second Round Table Conference

C. Releasing all prisoners

D. Continuation of the Civil Disobedience Movement

20. Which among the following was one of the provisions of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact?

A. Congress participation in First Round Table Conference

B. Congress participation in Second Round Table Conference

C. Releasing all prisoners

D. Continuation of the Civil Disobedience Movement

21. Read the extract and answer the questions given below.

The Independence Day Pledge, 26 January 1930

‘We believe that it is the inalienable right of the Indian people, as of any other people, to have freedom and to enjoy the fruits of their toil and have the necessities of life, so that they may have full opportunities of growth. We believe also that if any government deprives a people of these rights and oppresses them, the people have a further right to alter it or to abolish it. The British Government in India has not only deprived the Indian people of their freedom but has based itself on the exploitation of the masses, and has ruined India economically, politically, culturally, and spiritually. We believe, therefore, that India must sever the British connection and attain Purna Swaraj or Complete Independence.’ (NCERT Textbook Page 39)

Select the correct answer

Q. Where was the demand for ‘Purna Swaraj’ or complete independence for India formalised?Select the correct answer

A. Calcutta Session of Congress

B. Lahore Session of Congress

C. Surat Session of Congress

D. Bombay Session of Congress

22. Which among the following events led to the protests in the streets of Peshawar in 1930?

Select the correct answer.

A. Imposition of salt tax

B. Arrest of Mahatma Gandhi

C. Arrest of Abdul Ghaffar Khan

D. Increased land revenue

23. Which among the following factors prevailed at the time of formation of the Statutory Commission?

A. Bengal famine

B. World War I

C. Anglo-French wars

D. Worldwide economic depression

24. Which among the following problems did the nationalists face in attempting to unify people?

A. Failure to associate with iconography

B. Withholding of financial aid by businessmen

C. Natural calamities

D. Arrest


25. Why did the rich peasant communities refuse to participate when the Civil Disobedience movement was restarted in 1932?

A. M.K Gandhi gave up on its leadership

B. They opposed the principle of non-violence

C. It supported only the industrial class

D. Revenue rates were not revised earlier

26. Which among the following industrialists led the Federation of the Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industries (FICCI)?

A. Ramji H Kamani

B. J R D Tata

C. Jamnalal Bajaj

D. G.D Birla

27. According to dalit leaders, which among the following could bring about social change among dalits?

A. Mid-day meals

B. Separate electorates

C. Improved housing

D. Vernacular education

28. Which among the following was undertaken by M. K Gandhi to improve the condition of dalits and to get them to join the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Cleaned toilets

B. Began fast unto death

C. Encouraged dalits to establish temples of their own

D. Supported the move for separate electorates for dalitsCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

29. Who among the following was a leader of the Muslim League?

A. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

B. Badruddin Tyabji

C. Muhammad Ali Jinnah

D. Khan Abdul Ghaffar KhanCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

30. How did rich peasants and industrialists respond to the Civil Disobedience Movement?

A. Lost interest when the movement was relaunched

B. Adopted the technique of forcing members to participate in the boycott programmes

C. Emphasised demand for lower revenue rates and remittance of unpaid rent 

D. Demanded protection against imports of foreign goodsCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

31. Which among the following was a feature of the Poona Pact of 1932?

Select the correct answer.

A. Aimed at increasing the participation of women in the freedom struggle

B. Reserved seats for dalits in Legislative Councils

C. Signed between Jawaharlal Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah

D. Proposed relaunching of the Civil Disobedience MovementCheck AnswerI’ll attempt later

32. Which among the following is true with respect to participation of business class in Civil Disobedience Movement?

Select the correct answer.

A. Reacted positively to colonial policies

B. Increased participation after Round Table Conference

C. Provided financial support

D. Participated in workers’ unions

33. Read the extract and answer the questions given below:

In 1930, Sir Muhammad Iqbal, as president of the Muslim League, reiterated the importance of separate electorates for Muslims as an important safeguard for their minority political interests. His statement is supposed to have provided the intellectual justification for the Pakistan demand that came up in subsequent years. This is what he said:

‘I have no hesitation in declaring that if the principle that the Indian Muslim is entitled to full and free development on the lines of his own culture and tradition in his own Indian homelands is recognised as the basis of a permanent communal settlement, he will be ready to stake his all for the freedom of India. The principle that each group is entitled to free development on its own lines is not inspired by any feeling of narrow communalism … A community which is inspired by feelings of ill-will towards other communities is low and ignoble. I entertain the highest respect for the customs, laws,religions and social institutions of other communities. Nay, it is my duty according to the teachings of the Quran, even to defend their places of worship, if need be. Yet, I love the communal group which is the source of life and behaviour and which has formed what I am by giving me its religion, its literature, its thought, its culture and thereby its whole past

as a living operative factor in my present consciousness …

‘Communalism in its higher aspect, then, is indispensable to the formation of a harmonious whole in a country like India.The units of Indian society are not territorial as in European countries … The principle of European democracy cannot be applied to India without recognising the fact of communal groups. The Muslim demand for the creation of a Muslim India within India is, therefore, perfectly justified…

‘The Hindu thinks that separate electorates are contrary to the spirit of true nationalism, because he understands the word “nation” to mean a kind of universal amalgamation in which no communal entity ought to retain its private individuality.Such a state of things, however, does not exist. India is a land of racial and religious variety. Add to this the general economic inferiority of the Muslims, their enormous debt, especially in the Punjab, and their insufficient majorities in some of the provinces, as at present constituted, and you will begin to see clearly the meaning of our anxiety to retain separate electorates.’. (NCERT Textbook Page 45)

Q. Who among the following was the President of Muslim League in 1930? Select the correct answer

Select the correct answer

A. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

B. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

C. Muhammad Iqbal

D. Muhammad Ali Jinnah Check AnswerI’ll attempt later

34. Read the extract and answer the questions given below:

‘To the altar of this revolution, we have brought our youth as incense.’

Many nationalists thought that the struggle against the British could not be won through non-violence. In 1928, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) was founded at a meeting in Ferozeshah Kotla ground in Delhi. Amongst its leaders were Bhagat Singh, Jatin Das and Ajoy Ghosh. In a series of dramatic actions in different parts of India, the HSRA targeted some of the symbols of British power. In April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutta threw a bomb in the Legislative Assembly. In the same year, there was an attempt to blow up the train that Lord Irwin was travelling in. Bhagat Singh was 23 when he was tried and executed by the colonial government. During his trial, Bhagat Singh stated that he did not wish to glorify ‘the cult of the bomb and pistol’ but wanted a revolution in society:

‘Revolution is the inalienable right of mankind. Freedom is the imprescriptible birthright of all. The labourer is the real sustainer of society … To the altar of this revolution, we have brought our youth as incense, for no sacrifice is too great for so magnificent a cause. We are content. We await the advent of revolution. Inquilab Zindabad!’ (NCERT History,  Page 41)

Q. How was the ideology of the leaders of Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA) different from the ideology of the Congress?Select the correct answer

Select the correct answer

A. Believed in revolutionary movement

B. Believed in the strength of pistols and bombs.

C. Had faith in British policies

D. Believed in ahimsa


35. Which of the following reasons was responsible for calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement by Gandhiji?

A. Pressure from the British Government

B. Gandhiji’s arrest

C. Chauri Chaura incident

D. Second Round Table Conference

36. Which among the following is true of the participation of tribal peasants of Gudem Hills, Andhra Pradesh, in the Non-Cooperation Movement?

A. Alluri Sitaram Raju opposed Gandhi’s Non- Cooperation Movement

B. Alluri Sitaram Raju believed in a non-violent struggle to gain independence

C. Tribals supported the British rule

D. Tribals started a militant guerrilla movement in 1920s

37. The British looked upon Indians as primitive and backward who need to be civilised. Which among the following terms did the British use to justify their rule in India?

A. White man’s burden

B. Messengers of peace

C. Harbingers of liberty

D. Symbol of just rule

38. Which among the following problems did the nationalists face in attempting to unify people?

A. Arrest of Congress leaders

B. Withholding of financial aid by businessmen

C. Natural calamities

D. Failure to associate with iconography

39. Plantation workers of Assam looked on freedom as the right to move freely and retain a link with their villages. Why did plantation workers want to go back to their villages?

A. To establish a business

B. To participate in the freedom movement

C. To vote in panchayat elections

D. To maintain kinship ties


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