Poem: Where the Mind is Without Fear
Summary: Where the Mind is Without Fear
Where the mind is without fear: The poet prays to God for a free country that is fearless, united, truthful and wise. In such a world, knowledge will be free, and it will not be broken down by narrow-mindedness.
- a. It means that the minds of the people are free to think their own thoughts. It means that people do not fear that they will be punished for their ideas.
b. The head of every Indian is being referred to.
c. The poet refers to a free India, which would be like a ‘heaven of freedom.’
- a. These fragments are the groups of people in India who are different due to their religion, caste, creed or class.
b. ‘Narrow domestic walls’ here break the world. These are the walls of differences and division between people.
c. Ignorance, hatred, narrow mindedness, prejudice causes these breaks.
- a. The word clear suggests freshness and purity. When reason is not tainted by hatred and habitual thinking, it remains clear.
b. Habitual thought and behaviour cause reason to lose its way.
c. They are described as dead because they do not allow a person to grow.
- He refers to action that helps the country and her people to grow in all respects. It is thought that it broadens the horizons of the people.
- He wants his countrymen to be fearless, proud, knowledgeable, united, broad minded and hard working.
- He means that he would like his country to achieve the kind of goals that he describes. He would like India to wake up in heaven of freedom.
- He would like his people to strive tirelessly for perfection.
- He speaks about the freedom of thought and action.
- The heaven he describes is free. The people live there without fear of anyone. They are proud of their beliefs and they stand for them fearlessly. They work hard to gain perfection and do not follow old habits which can only lead them towards death and stagnation. They are free to learn and gain knowledge and act in a way that they can bring honour to their country.
A. The metaphors are ‘clear stream of reason’ and ‘dreary desert sand of dead habit’.
B. The poet refers to tireless striving as though it had human qualities and it could stretch its arms towards perfection. He also refers to reason as though it were human and could lose its way due to habitual actions.