Fire and Ice Extra Important Questions Class 10 English Poems CBSE

Poem ‘Fire and Ice’ Class 10: Important Extra questions including the ones selected from previous years’ Board exams are given here with their standard answers to get full marks in the exams. Fore such more study materials click here.

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Fire and Ice Previous Years’ Questions

Q. “Fire and Ice” was first published in 1920. Briefly explain how the WW I might have influenced the theme of the poem. [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. WW I was the first global war that happened due to violence and rage and might have affected the theme of the poem Fire and Ice’ with the two different scenarios represented by the elements of the poem’s title. Robert Frost must have seen the destruction of the world that was the outcome of the uncontrolled rage of people believes fire to the world ender. Ironically, he also adds that ice representing hate-world ‘also’ be ‘great’ to bring the end of the world.

Q. According to the poet, what do ‘ice’ and ‘fire’ symbolise? [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. According to the poet ‘ice’ symbolizes hatred, coldness and rigidity and these human cold emotions and lack of love are destructive enough to remove the warmth of fire and destroy the world.

Fire symbolises unlimited wishes and desires of human beings like violent feelings of anger, cruelty, brutality, etc., that might end the world.

Q. What is the message of the poem ‘Fire and Ice’? [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. The poem ‘Fire and Ice’ is short but encompasses the entire humanity in its targeted message. The metaphor of ‘Fire and Ice’ are used very effectively to solidly convey a clear message to the readers. The poem acts like a moral-mirror for readers to assess their own standing in the world.

‘Fire’ stands for our uncontrolled passions which are disastrous for human beings. Similarly cold reasoning devoid of human love will bring insensitivity. Both the aspect of human thinking and resulting behaviour embedded with desire and hatred will lead to the end of this world and it may also happen more than once.

Q. The tone of the speaker contrasts with the seriousness of the subject matter. Justify. [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. ‘Fire and Ice’ is a symbolic poem by Robert Frost with a message to reveal the gravity of the violent and cold human emotions. These emotions, if not controlled, may lead to destruction of the world. The poet wants to aware the humanity that everything will end one day as a result a human misdeed.

His aim is aphorism-brevity for Frost truth remains ambiguous as how specific the world is going to end. That’s why the tone contrasts with the seriousness of the subject matter with people favouring both ‘fire’ and ‘ice’.

Q. Evaluate the line- Some say the world will end in fire/Some say in ice- in the context of volcanic eruptions, forest fires, meteor collisions, melting ice caps etc. [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. In the poem ‘Fire and Ice’ the poet considers the age-old question of whether the world will end in fire or in ice. The threat of global warming may lead to severe volcanic eruptions and forest fires that may end the world OR there might be a meteor collision, the melting of ice caps or glaciers etc, that may also end the world.

So, the either option is enough to achieve its purpose sufficiently may be in storm of volcanic eruptions, forest fires or melting ice caps.

Q. Fire and Ice projects a pessimistic outlook. Comment. [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. According to me, ‘Fire and Ice’ projects a realistic outlook rather that a pessimistic one. The poet brings forth the view that the world will soon end. It can be either by fire or ice. He mentions that he has tasted everything in life after the World War I. So, it would soon end either with greed or indifference.

Q. The use of symbolism in the poem ‘Fire and Ice’ conveys the poet’s message effectively. Expand with reference to the poem. [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2020]
– Poem discusses the way the world can end.
– Fire stands for greed/lust/human desire; Ice stands for hatred/ coldness/human indifference;
– World can end with either greed or indifference
Detailed Answer:
Ans. The use of symbolism in the poem ‘Fire and Ice’ conveys the poems, the poet has compared fire to the dark side
of humanity i.e., hatredness and lust. According to the poet lust is a greater evil. Desire or lust the cause of war.
Hatredness is also harmful. So, the poem ‘Fire and Ice’ represents the two evils hatredness and lust which lead
to the destruction of the world. According to the poet fire stands for desire, greed and avarice. The more you try
to satisfy them, the more they grow. There is no end to it. They spread rapidly like fire and ruin your whole life.
On the other hand, ‘ice’ according to the poet, stands for hatred, coldness and rigidity. One becomes insensitive
and indifferent towards the feelings of others. One becomes selfish and sometimes cruel also. The poet says that
both fire and ice are growing with such a rapid speed that the world would soon perish either way, in fire or in

Q. What does ‘fire’ and ‘ice’ stand for and what is the general opinion regarding the world? [Board Term-I, 2016-17]

Ans. Fire stands for fury, hatred, anger, cruelty; ice is symbolic of insensitivity, coldness and intolerance-General opinion-some say ice, while others say fire will destroy the world. [CBSE Marking Scheme, 2016]
Detailed Answer:
Fire stands for fury, desire, lust, anger, avarice, cruelty and greed. Ice is symbolic of hatred, coldness, rigidity, insensitivity and intolerance. The general opinion regarding the world is that the world will end in fire and some say ice. Both the two reasons contrast each other and one equally opposite to each other. People who favour fire believe that it will be the heat and passion which will end the world. On the other hand, some people think that it will be the ice which will freeze the world.

Q. Imagine that Nelson Mandela read ‘Fire and Ice’.
As Mandela, write a diary entry associating the impact of the troubled history of South Africa with the idea expressed in the poem.
You may begin like this:
10 May 1994, Tuesday 10 p.m.
Today, when I am the President of South Africa, I can’t help recalling Robert
Frost’s ‘Fire and Ice’…………………………. (continue)……………………… [CBSE QB, 2020-21]


10 May 1994, Tuesday 10 p. m.

Dear Diary

Today, when I am the president of South Africa, I can’t help recalling Robert Frost’s ‘Fire and Ice’. The poem talks about Fire, Symbol of the dark side of humanity i.e., hatredness and lust, and ice stands for coldness and rigidity of human behaviour. Indeed, Humans have become insensitive and indifferent towards the feelings of others. They have become selfish and sometimes cruel also.

We can fit the central idea of this poem in our own context of journey to freedom. Given to the history of South Africa and its recent troubles, the poem actually reflects are sufferings of the black people. The ‘apartheid’ was a product of such inhuman emotions. South Africa suffered from extreme violence and oppression, carried out by people who lost their human values as a result of their ugly emotions. The racial discrimination unleashed a reign of terror, oppression and brutality on us.

The poem conveys such a powerful message. Indeed, human emotions are terribly powerful. Feelings like anger, hatred, apathy are so disastrous that they can completely demolish, the entire race or nation. We should control these emotions if we want the world safe and surviving for all people especially the innocent sufferers.


Q. Most of your classmates, like Frost, feel that man’s greed and rage or hate, would lead the world to its destruction.
You feel that the ‘fire and ice’ in Mankind can be addressed to create a harmonious world.
Write a speech, for your classmates, expressing your belief/s with respect to the poem. [CBSE QB, 2020-21]

Ans. A very good morning, to each and every one present in this room. Today I’m here to express my beliefs with respect to the poem ‘Fire and Ice’. Dear friends, I strongly believe that ‘Fire and Ice’ in Mankind can be addressed to create a harmonious world.
We, humans are swaying between two extremes ‘Fire and Ice’. Sometimes we are torn by our unbridled fire of passions, desires, lusts, longings and fury. This further results in greed, avarice and passionate love. All such extreme can lead to conflicts and disasters. If not controlled, they can help in bringing an early end of the world. Humanity can redeem itself and possibly save or delay the end of the world by giving up such extremes of thinking and behaviour.
So let us keep burning the fire of patriotism, solidarity and sensitivity and put ice on indifference and rigidity to create a harmonious world around us.

Q. To say that for destruction, ice is also great for the poet, what does ice stand for? How is it sufficient to bring destruction? [CBSE 2014]

Ans. Ice stands for the cold feelings of the humans such as indifference, hatred, greed, jealousy, apathy, lack of love, cold-heartedness, etc. Although the poet states that he believes fire would bring an end to the world, he also states that if the world has to end twice, then ice or the cold feelings of people are also great to end the world.

Q. How will the world end? Support your answer with a scientific explanation. [CBSE 2014]

Ans. According to some people, the world will end in fire. The core of the earth will get extremely heated up due to the increasing global warming. It may lead to severe natural calamities like volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, uncontrollable forest fires and tsunamis that may end the world.

However, some people believe that the world may end in ice. As a result of the melting ice caps or glaciers, there would rise an ice age that would freeze all the living things on the earth to death. All the ice and snow from the mountains will melt down to the plains one day and thus, will shrink the world.

Fire and Ice Extra Important Questions

Q. Explain the symbols used in the poem ‘Fire and Ice’ by Frost.

Ans. Frost represents ‘fire’ as human desires and lust for things. It symbolises all the uncontrolled materialistic greed that humans have and their actions to achieve their goals create conflict and destruction. However, ‘ice’ is symbol of cold feelings. It symbolises hatred, indifference and coldness of heart with same effects as the ‘fire’ element.

Q. How can Frost’s poem ‘Fire and Ice’ be read as an extended metaphor?

Ans. Frost’s poem ‘Fire and Ice’ is certainly an extended metaphor. The metaphor of ‘Fire and Ice’ are used very effectively to solidly convey a clear message to the readers. The poem acts like a moral-mirror for readers to assess their own standing in the world.

Fire metamorphically represents and refers to violent human emotions like anger, cruelty, brutality, etc., while the term ice refers to cold human feelings such as hatred, jealousy, indifference, etc., that might destroy the world.

The poet has used both fire and ice as great metaphors to imply that both of the destructive forces are powerful enough to bring doom to the world. These metaphors convey that violent and cruel human emotions are a threat to the world.

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