MCQ questions based on the chapter ‘The Rise of Nationalism in Europe’ are given here. Every question is followed by its answer. Students should attempt questions before seeing the answer.
Multiple Choice Questions
Q. Which among the following groups gathered at Frankfurt to vote for a National Assembly?
- A. Royal class
- B. Prosperous artisans
- C. Poor peasants
- D. Women
B. Prosperous artisans
With middle-class professionals and businessmen, there were Prosperous artisans also who were members of different political associations, gathered at Frankfurt to vote for an all-German National Assembly.
Q. Which custom union abolished tariff barriers between most German and Prussian states and reduced the number of currencies from thirty to two in 1834?
- A. ASEAN
- B. Zollverein
- C. Monetary Union
- D. European Union
There were custom barriers between states. In order to meet the demand for a unified economic territory with the obstacle-free movement of goods, people and capital, a customs union the Zollverein was formed.
Q. Which among the following is true with respect to Zollverein?
- A. Derived from a Latin word meaning free
- B. Length of cloth
- C. Opposed by women and non-propertied men
- D. Agreement between states to remove trade barriers
D. Agreement between states to remove trade barriers
Zollverein was a customs union which was formed in 1834 with the aim of creating a unified economic territory allowing free movement of capital, goods and people.
Q. Who among the following established the Young Italy secret society?
- A. Giuseppe Garibaldi
- B. Count Camillo de Cavour
- C. Victor Emmanuel II
- D. Giuseppe Mazzini
A. Giuseppe Mazzini
Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian revolutionary who aimed to unify Italy through a coherent programme. He formed the secret society Young Italy to achieve his goals.
Q. Which among the following is true of Germany’s unification process?
- A. Otto von Bismarck was proclaimed as the new Emperor.
- B. Kaiser William I was proclaimed as the new emperor.
- C. The nation building process was dominated by France.
- D. Four wars were fought with Italy.
B. Kaiser William I was proclaimed as the new emperor.
Once the unification process was complete, Kaiser William I was proclaimed as the new Emperor on 18 January 1871 at the Palace of Versailles.
Q. Conservative regimes were autocratic in nature and imposed censorship laws that controlled what was written in newspapers, plays and songs. In a regime which prohibits individual freedom of speech, how would the revolutionaries carry the message of liberty and encourage people to oppose the rule?
- A. Take the assistance of king’s deputies
- B. Migrate to other regions
- C. Establish secret societies
- D. Disrupt the king’s assembly
C. Establish secret societies
The fear of repression forced many liberal nationalists to function underground. Secret societies emerged in different parts of Europe to train revolutionaries and spread their ideas. For instance, Giuseppe Mazzini founded two secret societies, Young Italy and Young Europe, to spread the revolutionary message across people.
Q. Which among the following is true of Marianne?
- A. Crown of oak leaves, sword and shining sun as major aspects
- B. Characteristics drawn from sacrifice and justice
- C. Features show the idea of people’s nation
- D. Features portray French supremacy in the world
C. Features show the idea of people’s nation
Marianne, a famous Christian name, was the popular female allegory that represented the idea of France as a people’s nation. She traditionally wears a red cap, also known as liberty cap, decorated with tricolour cockade.
Q. Industrialisation was more advanced in England in comparison to other European nations. What could be the reason for this?
- A. Abundance of natural resources and capital
- B. Hardworking English workers
- C. Strong worker’s union
- D. Good relations with neighbouring countries
A. The abundance of natural resources and capital
England was the birthplace of the industrial revolution. It had abundant natural resources. Iron and coal were two major pillars of the industrial revolution, and England was fortunate to have both of them. Britain had an adequate amount of capital that it had accumulated through colonialism.
Q. Which among the following statements is true concerning post-revolutionary changes in France in the 18th century?
- A. The standard royal flag was accepted.
- B. Regional dialects were discouraged.
- C. Decentralised administrative system
- D. New custom duties were imposed.
B. Regional dialects were discouraged.
French language, as it was spoken and written in Paris, the capital of France, became the common language of the nation. A common language was believed to be a binding force, and so regional dialects were discouraged.
More MCQs, on this chapter, will be added soon