Class X Computer – Most important terms of Internet Notes in PDF (Fundamental of Information Technology)

Class X Computer – Most important terms of Internet Notes in PDF (Fundamental of Information Technology):

Internet Terminology

Before we proceed further, it will be good if we briefly talk about Internet terminology. In the following lines, we are introducing some basic terms related to Internet.

Client:  Any computer on the networks that requests services from another computer on the Internet.

Server: Any computer that receives requests from client computers, processes & sends the output. Web servers respond to web related request. There can be other types of servers to handle different type of requests/actions.

Webpage: Any digital page/document hosted on Internet (i.e., accessible via Internet.)

Website:  A collection of interconnected webpages, designed with a certain goal in mind.

Web portal: A website or service that offers a broad array of resources such as e-mail, forums, and search engines among others, e.g., sites like MSN, Yahoo, India times etc.

Web Browser: A program or software on a client computer that retrieves information from the web. Examples are: Internet Explorer, Google chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Netscape, Mosaic, Opera, Safari, and Lynx etc.

URL: Uniform Resource Locator. It is the unique address of a web page on Internet.

Blog: Short for Web log, a blog is a web page that serves as a publicly accessible personal journal for an individual. A blog is frequently updated online personal journal or diary.

Blogger: The author of a blog is called blogger. A blogger is the one who regularly writes and updates entries in his/her blog.

Blogging: The action of writing blog is called blogging.

Newsgroup: Newsgroups are Internet discussion forums where groups of users with common interests gather to discuss on a common topic of interest.

E-mail: Short for electronic mail, email refers to messages distributes by electronic means from one computer user to one or more recipients via a network mostly Internet.

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