Class X Computer – Most important terms of Internet Notes in PDF (Fundamental of Information Technology):
Before we proceed further, it will be good if we briefly talk about Internet terminology. In the following lines, we are introducing some basic terms related to Internet.
Client: Any computer on the networks that requests services from another computer on the Internet.
Server: Any computer that receives requests from client computers, processes & sends the output. Web servers respond to web related request. There can be other types of servers to handle different type of requests/actions.
Webpage: Any digital page/document hosted on Internet (i.e., accessible via Internet.)
Website: A collection of interconnected webpages, designed with a certain goal in mind.
Web portal: A website or service that offers a broad array of resources such as e-mail, forums, and search engines among others, e.g., sites like MSN, Yahoo, India times etc.
Web Browser: A program or software on a client computer that retrieves information from the web. Examples are: Internet Explorer, Google chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Netscape, Mosaic, Opera, Safari, and Lynx etc.
URL: Uniform Resource Locator. It is the unique address of a web page on Internet.
Blog: Short for Web log, a blog is a web page that serves as a publicly accessible personal journal for an individual. A blog is frequently updated online personal journal or diary.
Blogger: The author of a blog is called blogger. A blogger is the one who regularly writes and updates entries in his/her blog.
Blogging: The action of writing blog is called blogging.
Newsgroup: Newsgroups are Internet discussion forums where groups of users with common interests gather to discuss on a common topic of interest.
E-mail: Short for electronic mail, email refers to messages distributes by electronic means from one computer user to one or more recipients via a network mostly Internet.