Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 History Previous Years’ Board Questions: The questions cover all topics given in the chapter like – The Birth of Weimer republic, the Treaty of Versailles, the Rise of Hitler, The Nazi world view, the crime against humanity etc. The questions have not been categorised as short or long so that full revision is done and students could answer as per the requirement of the exam paper.
Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 History Previous Years’ CBSE Board Questions
Q. Describe any three factors which made the Weimar Republic politically fragile.
OR – Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.
(2014. 15, 16)
Proportional Representation: This system of electing candidates weakened or made impossible for any party to get majority. Only coalition governments were possible. On an average a ministry lasted for 249 days.
Article 48: It gave the President the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights and rule by decree. This article was used by Presidents.
Failure of Weimar Republic: It failed to get faith of people. Democracy was new to the Germans and they found it the cause behind the economic crisis, national humiliation due to war guilt and the Treaty of Versailles. People looked for alternatives that paved way for the rise Hitler.
Q. Describe any three conditions of the Treaty of Versailles.
OR – Explain any three effects of the Treaty of Versailles over Germany.
Ans. Some provisions of the Treaty of Versailles:
(i) Germany lost its overseas colonies and 13% of territories.
(ii) It was demilitarised with reduction in number of soldiers.
(iii) The Allied armies occupied the resource-rich Rhineland.
(iv) It lost 75 per cent of its iron and 26 per cent of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark & Lithuania.
Q. State the verdict of Nuremberg Tribunal. Why did the Allies avoid hard punishment on Germany? 
Ans. Nuremberg Tribunal was formed to conduct trials for crimes committed in Germany during the Holocaust. It was constituted to prosecute the Nazis for committing grave crime against humanity which involved killing of innocent civilians in Europe, sentenced only 11 Nazis to death. Some were given life imprisonment.
Allies avoided harsh punishment on Germany because:
- They did not want to repeat the mistakes committed after the First World War where they imposed harsh terms on Germany by virtue of Treaty of Versailles, which resulted in the rise of Hitler.
- Treaty of Versailles was physiologically damaging for the Germans and also proved to be a national shame. The treaty had sown the seeds of the Second World War
- This made the Allies cautious enough of not being much harsh on Germans again.