Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class9 History Solutions: NCERT Solutions of the questions given the chapter exercises. Comprehensive answers to all questions are given here for the chapter ‘Nazism and the rise of Hitler’. Where possible, proper headings are associated with the answers.
Nazism and the Rise of Hitler: Solutions Class 9 History
1. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.
The Weimer Republic was beset with problems from its very beginning. It was blamed for accepting the Treaty of Versailles and defeat of Germany. Economic depression deepened the problems of people. The result was the failure of Republic and the rise of dictatorship of Hitler.
Political Crisis: The proportional representation made it impossible for a party to secure majority in the German Parliament. Coalitions were formed and govts fell on an average every 249 days.
Article 48 gave the President the power to impose emergency and rule by decree. This article was used to suspend civil liberties.
Economic crisis: The German government had fought the war on loans. The war reparations had to be paid in gold leading to depletion of its reserves.
The value of Mark fell drastically during Years of Great Depression leading to soaring food prices. People were fed up of the Republican Government which was failing to solve their economic problems.
Treaty of Versailles (War guilt and Reparations): The German nationalists hated this treaty. It was considered as the treaty of humiliation as Germany lost all its major resource areas to the allied powers and had to pay a compensation of 6 billion dollars.
This treaty was used by nationalists and opposition to raise the issue of national Pride and Dignity of German people. It was also seen as the root cause of problems of the German people.
2. Discuss why Nazism became popular in Germany by 1930.
Failure of Weimar Republic: After the defeat in the First World War a lot of social and political instability took place like the treaty of Versailles, there was starvation, devastation, unemployment. Weimar Republic failed to solve the economic crises of the country and which later led to the Great Economic Depression. This provided a golden opportunity for the Nazis to launch a campaign in its favour.
Nazi propaganda was unique: Red banners with the Swastika, Nazi salute and the rounds of applause attracted the people making Nazism very popular.
Hitler’s Personality: Hitler was a powerful speaker, an able organizer, resourceful person and a man of actions. He could mobilize the mass in his favour by his passionate words. He promised to build a strong nation, undo the injustice of the Versailles Treaty and restore the dignity of the German people. In fact, his personality and actions contributed maximum to the popularity of Nazism in Germany.
3. What are the peculiar features of Nazi Germany?
The Nazi ideology was based on Hitler’s worldview. This ideology had two core features – racial inequality and the concept of Lebensraum or living spaces. These two core features were adopted to make Germany an empire with the best Aryan races of Germans.
- Nordic German Aryans were the finest race while Jews were at the lowest rung.
- Jews were considered arch enemies of The Aryans.
- There was also a category of undesirables put between the healthy Aryans and the Jews.
- Hitler borrowed his racism from Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection and Herbert Spenser’s ‘Survival of the Fittest’.
- Hitler believed in acquiring new territories to concentrate all the Germans geographically in one place.
- Acquiring territories would enlarge the area of the mother country.
- New material resources would be available for economic prosperity and food supplies.
- He aimed eastward for expansion and Poland became the laboratory for this experiment.