Minerals and Energy Resources: Extra Questions from Class 10 Board Exams

Minerals and Energy resources is a chapter in CBSE class 10 Geography book. The important questions asked in previous exams are given here along with their answers.

Minerals and Energy Resources Important Questions

Short Questions

1. Suggest any one way to enhance the use of Natural Gas in India. (2020)

Ans. Use of natural gas: Making people aware about to importance of using this clean

2. Why should the use of cattle cake as fuel be discouraged? (AI 2016)

Ans. a) Cattle cake creates pollution.

(b) By burning a manure resource is destroyed, which can improve soil fertility.

3. How are ‘Gobar Gas Plants’ beneficial to the farmers? (Term-II 2016)

Ans. Gobar Gas Plant are beneficial to the farmers by two ways. It provides a clean fuel for domestic cooking and lighting. It also provides high quality manure.

1. What is a mineral? [CBSE 2016]

2. Why are there a wide range of colours, hardness, crystal forms, lustre and density found in minerals? [CBSE 2016]

3. How do minerals occur in igneous and metamorphic rocks? [Delhi 2017, 2016]

4. How do minerals occur in sedimentary rocks? [Delhi 2016, 2015]

5. Name the minerals formed in beds and layers. [CBSE 2016]

6. How does mining affect the health of miners? [Foreign 2016]

7. How did the Bailadila iron-ore field get its name? [CBSE 2016]

8. How is iron-ore transported from Kudremukh mines to a port near Mangaluru? [Foreign 2016]

9. Why is copper mainly used in electrical cables and electronic industries? [Sample Question Paper 2016]

10. Why aluminium metal has great importance? [All India 2016]

11. How are ‘Gobar Gas Plants’ beneficial to the farmers? [All India 2016]

12. Which rock consists of single mineral only? [CBSE 2015]

13. What is hematite? [CBSE 2015]

14. Why should the use of cattle cake as fuel be discouraged? [All India 2015]

15. What are placer deposits? [All India 2010]

16. Which state of India is the largest producer of Bauxite? [All India 2010]

17. Name the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India. [All India 2010]

18. Which is the highest petroleum-producing area in India? [Foreign 2010]

19. Name the gulf that provides ideal conditions for utilising tidal energy in India. [Foreign 2010]

20. Which is the oldest oil producing state of India? [CBSE 2011]

21. How power resources are classified? [CBSE 2012]

22. What are conventional sources of energy? [CBSE 2009]

23. What is biogas energy? [CBSE 2009]

24. Name any one nuclear power station found in India. [CBSE 2010]

25. At which place in India, experimental project for geothermal energy has been Set-up? [CBSE 2008]


1. Mineral is a homogeneous naturally occurring substance with a definable internal structure.

2. The ranges found in minerals are due to physical and chemical conditions.

3. In igneous and metamorphic rocks, minerals may occur in racks, crevices, faults and joints.

4. In sedimentary rocks, minerals occur in beds or layers. They have been formed as a result of deposition, accumulation and concentration in horizontal strata.

5. Coal, and some forms of iron ore.

6. The dust and the noxious fumes inhaled by the miners makes them vulnerable to pulmonary diseases.

7. The Bailadila hills look like the hump of an ox, hence Bailadila iron-ore field get its name.

8. Iron-ore is transported as slurry through pipelines.

9. It is used in electrical cables as it is malleable, ductile and a good conductor of heat and electricity.

10. It has great importance because it combines the strength of metals such as iron with extreme lightness and also with good conductivity and great malleability.

11. ‘Gobar Gas Plants’ are beneficial to the farmers in the form of energy and improved quality of manure.

12. Limestone.

13. Hematite ore is the most important industrial iron ore in terms of the quantity used.

14. The use of cattle cake as fuel should be discouraged because: (i) It creates pollution. (ii) It consumes most valuable manure which could be used in agriculture.

15. Certain mineral deposits that occur in sands of valley floors and the base of the hills as alluvial deposits are called placer deposits.

16. Odisha is the largest producer of Bauxite in India.

17. Coal is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India.

18. Mumbai High is the highest petroleum producing area in India.

19. Gulf of Khambhat and Gulf of Kuchchh in Gujarat provide ideal conditions for utilising tidal energy in India. (Any one)

20. Assam.

21. Power resources may be broadly categorised into conventional and nonconventional resources.

22. Conventional sources of energy generally non-renewable sources of energy which have been in common use for a long time. Example: firewood, coal, natural gas, etc.

23. Bio gas is produced from shrubs, farm waste, animal and human wastes.

24. Kalpakkam in Tamil Nadu.

25. Manikaran.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Leave a Reply