Outcomes of Democracy MCQs: Practise with questions based on the chapter ‘Outcomes of Democracy’ Clas 10 Pol. Science. The chapter points out as what are the results available when a democratic set up is adopted and what are its implications on people at large.
Video tutorial Links: Notes Series
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Video Tutorial Links: Chapter Explanation Series
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|Outcomes of Democracy Part -3||https://youtu.be/5j4qDwZtmEM|
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MCQs – Chapter: Outcomes of Democracy
1. Which of the following is a reason why a democratic government is better than a non-democratic one?
- A) Response time
- B) People’s own government
- C) Efficiency
- D) Time taken for decision-making
2. A newly elected representative wants to promote the concept of sustainable environment in her constituency. Which of the following would be the most democratic method to achieve this?
- A) Impose heavy fines on certain activities
- B) Ask the opposition party to bring reforms
- C) Invite suggestions from the people
- D) Make harsh laws against certain products
3. Which two elements of rule by majority are critical in a democracy to accommodate social differences?
- A) Rule by majority in democracy gives power to the majority community for a certain period.
- B) Rule by majority does not imply that there should collaboration between the communities.
- C) Rule by majority does not imply majority community rule.
- D) Democracy involves changing the balance of power by giving power to the minority.
- E) Democracy is more than rule by majority opinion.
4. Which of the following parameters would you use to determine whether a government is truly democratic or not?
- A) Rights of citizens
- B) Financial resources managed directly by people
- C) Power given to bureaucrats
- D) Good monarchy
5. Why do you need the right to express your culture in society?
- A) Democracy does not give unnecessary importance to cultures as a part of secularism.
- B) Democracy promises dignity and freedom of the individual.
- C) Democracy aims at bringing exotic cultures into mainstream society.
- D) Democracy guarantees freedom to ancient and indigenous cultures.
6. Which one of the following countries failed to accommodate differences among ethnic populations?
- A) The Netherlands
- B) Sri Lanka
- C) Belgium
7. Read the extract and answer the questions given below.
“Now look at the other side – democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedures. So, a citizen who wants to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures can find this out. She has the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency. This factor is often missing from a non-democratic government.” (NCERT, Outcomes of Democracy, Pg. No. 91)
i. . What is the central theme of the extract?
- A) Accountability
- B) Transparency
- C) Decision-making
- D) Freedom of press
ii. Can you name the Indian law which relates to the core idea of the extract?Select the correct answer
- A) Right to Intervention Act
- B) Information and Technology Act
- Right to Privacy
- D) Right to Information Act
8. Which one of the following is not an advantage of democratic regimes?
- A) Ability to resolve ethnic differences
- B) Ability to raise economic growth rate
- C) Ability to resolve internal conflicts
- D) Ability to resolve social divisions
9. Every day in India, we see demonstrations, marches and campaigns against various policies, acts, decisions and leaders. So, why do we consider ourselves a good democracy if people are dissatisfied with the government?
- A) A good democracy looks beyond the protests.
- B) Paid protests by the opposition should be ignored.
- C) Dissent is the essence of democracy.
- D) It requires strong leaders to handle democracy.
10. Which one of the following is the most common form of government in the world?
- A) Monarchy
- B) Democracy
- C) Military rule
- D) Aristocracy
11. Which one of the following is not a primary feature of democracy?
- A) Legitimacy
- B) Efficiency
- C) Transparency
- D) Equality
12. What difference would be seen if a citizen asked the same question in a democratic and a non-democratic country?
- A) The non-democratic government will have to respond.
- B) The democratic government may take time, but it will respond.
- C) The democratic government will respond quickly.
- D) Citizens cannot raise questions in non-democratic countries.
13. Which of the following principles does a democratic government adhere to in the process of decision making?
- A) Deliberation and negotiation
- B) Majorities and public opinion
- C) Practices and institutions
- D) Acceptance and effectiveness
14. Which one of the following is not a primary feature of democracy?
- A) Equality
- B) Transparency
- C) Efficiency
- D) Legitimacy
15. Which one of the following is the most common form of government in the world?
- C) Aristocracy
- D) Military rule
16. Which principle of the Indian Constitution would you pick to show that the Constitution chose not to institute rule by a religious majority?
- A) Fraternalism
- B) Socialism
- C) Republicanism
- D) Secularism
17. What serves as the best possible testimony of democracy’s success?
- A) Incumbent government’s speeches
- B) Approval by the UN
- C) Complaints and criticism by people
- D) Praise by neighbouring countries
18. Which one of the following factors does not affect the economic development of a democratic nation?
- A) Economic policies
- B) Global situation
- C) Population size
- D) Welfare policies
19. ‘More than achieving economic development, it is reasonable to expect democracies to reduce economic disparities.’
In the above statement, what does the term economic disparities in a democracy imply?
- A) Uneven distribution of income and opportunity between different groups in society
- B) Wealth distribution based on education and gender in a democracy
- C) Unavailability of basic needs such as food, clothing, house, education and health
- D) Poor countries dependent on rich countries for basic supplies
20. Certain practices, such as exploitation, inequality and discrimination, are not permissible in society. Why does this social rejection not become a law in a non-democratic setting?
- A) The unacceptable practices and legality are irrelevant to the non-democratic form of governance.
- B) There is no legal backing to the concept of individual freedom and dignity.
- C) This unacceptability is not foundational by nature.
- D) Exploitation, inequality, and discrimination have legal sanctions in the non-democratic setting.
21. “Democracies are based on political equality.” What does this statement mean?
- A) Every person can dictate to the political executive.
- B) Every person is a part of the government.
- C) Every person has equal voting rights.
- D) Every person has control over political administration.
22. What prevents ethnic differences from escalating into an explosive or violent conflict in democracies?
- A) Financial aids from governments
- B) Strict laws and regulations
- C) A system to negotiate and resolve differences
- D) Political representation
23. Which facts or ideas contribute to democracy’s success as a form of government? (Choose three correct answers.)
- A) Enhancement of citizens’ dignity
- B) Conflict resolution
- C) Room to correct mistakes
- D) Sustainable environment
- E) Economic growth
24. What helped women gain some recognition, though societies have historically been male-dominated?
- A) Struggles for their rights
- B) Emergence of democracies
- C) Movement for civil rights
- D) Principles of fraternity and liberty
25. For the 50 years between 1950 and 2000, which type of government had a higher economic growth rate?
- A) Aristocracy
- B) Democracy
- C) Direct democracy
- D) Dictatorship
26. Which of the following widespread problems do democratic governments of India seem to neglect?
- A) Poverty
- B) Electoral conflicts
- C) Illiteracy
- D) Political inequality
27. Democracy is based on majority rule. The poor make up a large part of the population. In theory, democracy should be a pro-poor system. What indicates that this is not the case?
- A) Rule by majority means rule by the major religion.
- B) Rule by majority means rule by the major regional power.
- C) Rule by majority means rule by the majority of common views.
- D) Rule by majority means rule by the major ethnicity.
28. Which of the following is a reason why a democratic government is better than a non-democratic one?
- A) People’s own government
- B) Government policies respect majority
- C) A Constitution gives power to government
- D) An independent election commissions
1. B) people’s own government
2. C) Invite suggestions from the people
Democracy ensures that decision making will be based on norms and procedures that have been laid down as per the will of the people. Hence, if a newly elected representative wants to promote the concept of sustainable environment in her constituency in the most democratic method, she should welcome people’s suggestions and act on them accordingly.
3. C) and D)
5. B) Democracy promises dignity and freedom of the individual.
Because democracy guarantees individual dignity and freedom, every individual has the right to express his or her culture in society.
6. B) Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka has historically failed to accommodate ethnic differences and attempted to enforce majoritarian laws, which resulted in civil war.
i. B) Transparency
ii. D) Right to Information Act
The extract’s central idea is transparency. In 2005, the Indian parliament passed the Right to Information Act, which enabled citizens to obtain information from the government about policies, actions, and decision-making, among other things.
9. C) Dissent is the essence of democracy.
Dissent is the essence of democracy. The demonstrations, marches and campaigns against various policies, acts, decisions and leaders work as feedback for the rulers, which they cannot overlook. This helps citizens keep a check on the government’s decision-makers, making India more democratic.
In a secular country the people are free to follow the faith and religion of their choice.
20. B) There is no legal backing to the concept of individual freedom and dignity.
Certain practices, such as exploitation, inequality, and discrimination, are not outlawed in a non-democratic setting because the concept of individual freedom and dignity does not have the legal and moral power that it does in a democratic setting.
21. C) Every person has equal voting rights.
“Democracies are based on political equality” means that the principle of ‘one person, one vote and one value’ is followed, and every person has equal political rights.
22. C) A system to negotiate and resolve differences
Democracies offer a sphere and process for groups to express themselves and compete; this mechanism of confronting ethnic differences prevents ethnic differences in democracies from escalating into explosive or violent conflict.
23. A), B), C)
A). Conflict resolution
The space and atmosphere that democracy provides to resolve conflicts are some of the biggest factors in democracy achieving success as a form of government.
B). Enhancement of citizens’ dignity
Democratic principles enhance citizens’ dignity, which makes it a successful form of government.
C). Room to correct mistakes
Democracy allows leaders and citizens to correct their mistakes, and it has largely contributed to democracy’s success as a form of government.
24. A) Struggles for their rights
Despite the fact that societies have traditionally been male-dominated, women’s long struggles helped them generate awareness that respect for and fair treatment of women are essential components of a democratic society.
26. A) Poverty
The poor constitute a large proportion of voters in India and no party would like to lose their votes. Yet, democratically elected governments do not appear to be as keen to address the question of poverty as one would expect them to.
27. D) Rule by majority means rule by the majority of common views.
Yes, democracy is founded on ‘rule by majority’ and the poor make up a large part of the population. But ‘rule by majority’ refers to rule by the majority of citizens who hold a similar point of view. That is why, despite the fact that the poor constitute a large part of the population, democracy is not a pro-poor system.