Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (1918-2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader and philanthropist. He was truly an International Hero who spent his entire life fighting against racial oppression in South Africa. He spent more than 30 years in South Africa’s prisons. In 1993 he won the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1994 became the First Black President of South Africa and remained there until 1999 and. Took a voluntary retirement after the completing his first term of presidentship.
About the Chapter ‘A Long Walk to Freedom’.
‘Long walk to Freedom is an excerpt from the autobiography of former South African President Nelson Mandela. The chapter briefly describes the inaugural ceremony and his inaugural address, as the newly chosen first black President of South Africa. The autobiography ‘Long walk to freedom’ is a saga of the glorious struggle that the people of South Africa faced against the apartheid regime to gain freedom. This autobiography is also considered a masterpiece in the field of literature.
Theme of the story; A Long Walk to Freedom Class 10 CBSE
The lesson pays tribute to those black heroes and patriots to waged relentless struggle against the racist regime of South Africa. Here we find a description of the inaugural ceremony held in the Union Buildings attended by politicians and dignitaries from more than 140 countries. Nelson Mandela gives a message of peace and unity of mankind through his inaugural address as the first black President of democratically elected government in South Africa. He foresees a new regime which will be based on the equality of men and women. He hopes that in the new regime there will be no exploitation of man by man. Racialism and segregation will have no place in the new order. The autobiography is a wonderful piece of literature that touches the heart of the reader and at the same time it inspires for a world based on equality of human beings.
Summary: Nelson Mandela: Long walk to freedom
Inaugural ceremony of the first non-racial government
It was 10th of May, 1994. The day was bright and clear. The inauguration ceremony of the first non-racial government was held at the lovely amphitheatre in the Union Buildings in Pretoria. It was the largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil. Politicians and dignitaries from more than 140 countries attended the ceremony. First of all Mr de Clarke was sworn in as the second Deputy President and then Thabo Mbeki as the first Deputy President. Then came Mandela’s turn. He was sworn in as the first black President of South Africa.
Address speech by Nelson Mandela
Mandela spoke how for decades South Africa was the seat of white supremacy. Now the presence of all people confer glory and hope to new born liberty. The Blacks who were considered as outlaws not so long ago were hosting the nations of the world on their soil. Their victory over ‘apartheid ‘was common victory for justice, peace and human dignity. Political freedom had been won. Now they would work hard to liberate all the people from the bondage of poverty, deprivation and diseases. Never would South Africa again face the operation of one by another.
Impressive display of jet planes
Then there was a spectacular display of jets. South African jets and helicopters roared in perfect formation over them in the sky. It was also a demonstration of the military’s royalty to democracy and to the new government. Then to national anthems were played.
Sense of history
Nelson Mandela was overwhelmed with a sense of history. A few years after the Anglo-Boer War, appetite was introduced in South Africa. The society based on racial discrimination was the harshest and most inhuman society in the world. Now a new system based on the equality of all men regardless of their colour and race has replaced the old and cruel system.
Great Black heroes
Apartheid created a deep and lasting wound in the people. The decades of exploitation and oppression of the black produced heroes like Tambos, Sislus and others. These black heroes were men of extraordinary courage, wisdom and generosity. The greatest wealth of South Africa was not in its minerals and diamonds but in men of such great character.
Struggle of comrades
Nelson Mandela learned the meaning of courage from such brave comrades. courage is the victory over fear. These comrades were ready to risk and sacrifice their lives for an idea – the idea of freedom and equality. Even in the darkest prisons the hopes and faith were not broken. They never allowed the flame of struggle to be extinguished.
Twin obligations of men
Nelson Mandela thought that every man has twin obligations. He has a duty towards his wife and children and an obligation to his people and country. In South Africa it was impossible for Blacks like him to fulfil both those obligations. If any black tried to live like a free human being, he was punished and isolated. He was forced to live an isolated life – away from his life. He was forced to live a life of rebellion and secrecy.
Joining the African National Congress
Mandela realise that not only was he deprived of freedom but his brothers and sisters were also deprived of freedom. That was why he joined the African National Congress. It was this desire for the freedom of his people and the self-respect that totally transformed him from weak young man to a bold one. A law abiding lawyer was forced to become an outlaw. He knew the oppressed must be liberated. The oppressed and the oppressor alike are robbed of their inhumanity. Both of them must be liberated.