# India-Size and Location Class 9 Extra Questions | Previous Years Questions

India-Size and Location Class 9 Extra Short Answer Type from previous years’ CBSE Exam papers. the question was asked in different years of class 9 Exams. Study them to understand the type of questions asked in exams.

Contents

## Short Answer Type Previous Years’ Board Questions

### Location and Size

#### 5. What is the time lag between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat? How is a uniform time set at all places?

1. The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million square km. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world and ranks seventh largest country of the world.

2. Size and geographical extent:

(i) The mainland extends between latitude 8°4’N and 37°6′ N and longitude 68°4’N and 97°25’E.

(ii) The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million sq. km.

(iii) India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and length of coastline including island 7,516.6 km.

3. The east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent despite the fact that the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30° because the distance between the longitudes becomes less as we move towards the poles from the equator as a result east west extent is less in kms (2933 km). As India lies on the Tropic of Cancer so in comparison with the equator the distance between the longitudes is less than that on the equator, whereas the latitudinal extent remains the same from equator to the poles.

4. The major reasons of time difference are:

(i) Arunachal Pradesh lies on the eastern-most tip of the country and Gujarat lies on the western most tip.

(ii) The longitudinal difference between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat is of 30°.

(iii) Hence, the sun rays will take 2 hours to travel from Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat.

(iv) If the Earth takes 4 minutes to travel 1° of longitude it would take 30°× 4 = 120 min or 2 hours to cross the distance between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat. Thus, their time difference in local time is 2 hours.

5. The time difference between any two longitude is 4 minutes. The longitudinal difference between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujaratis 30° so there is a time lag of two hours. Hence, time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the Standard Time for the whole country.

### India and the World

#### OR | The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?

6. Significance of India’s central location has a role in its cultural linkage with entire Asian countries through ages.

• The Indian landmass has a central location between the East and the West Asia.
• Trans-Indian Ocean routes connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of east Asia which provides strategic location to our country.
• The Deccan peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping to establish close contact with west Asia, Africa and Europe from western coast and with southeast and east Asia from the eastern coast.