Some MCQs from the chapter ‘Nationalism in India’ Class 10 History are given with each question accompanying its answer. Students can assess their preparation with the help of these MCQs.
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MCQs Nationalism in India
Q. Which of the following reasons was responsible for calling off the Non-Cooperation Movement by Gandhiji?
A. Pressure from the British Government
B. Gandhiji’s arrest
C. Chauri Chaura incident
D. Second Round Table Conference
Ans. C. Chauri Chaura incident
In this incident, more than 20 policemen were killed at Chauri Chaura in Gorakhpur. Mahatma Gandhi was against the use of violence in the movement and so-called off the movement.
Q. Which of the following Acts stopped plantation workers from leaving tea gardens without permission?
A. Tea District Emigrant Act XXII of 1932
B. Immigration Act of 1910
C. Workman’s Breach of Contract Act of 1859
D. Inland Emigration Act of 1859
Ans. D. Inland Emigration Act of 1859
Inland Emigration Act of 1859 disallows plantation workers leaving tea gardens without permission of plantation owners. The workers broke this restriction but were not successful.
Q. In which of the following sessions was the Non-Cooperation Movement resolution adopted?
Ans. A. Nagpur
In the Nagpur session of the Congress held in December 1920, a compromise was attained and the programme for the Non-Cooperation Movement was adopted.
Q. Who among the following painted an image of Bharat Mata?
A. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
B. Rabindranath Tagore
C. Abanindranath Tagore
D. Mahatma Gandhi
Ans. C. Abanindranath Tagore
Abanindranath Tagore painted the image of Bharat Mata and portrayed her as a calm, spiritual and divine figure.
Q. The Congress did not encourage the ‘no rent’ campaign of poor peasants nor did it include the demands of workers in its programme of struggle. What could be the reason for this?
A. The Congress needed the financial support of rich industrialists and peasants.
B. Workers and peasants interpreted the idea of swaraj in a different ways.
C. Congress leadership was unhappy with the way workers and peasants put forward their demands.
D. Demands of workers and peasants were unrealistic.
Ans. C. The Congress needed the financial support of rich industrialists and peasants.
Rich industrialists as well as peasants could support the movement through donations. So it was necessary to maintain close ties with the industrialists and rich peasants and protect their interests.
Q. The participation of women in the Civil Disobedience Movement did not bring about a change in the status of women. What could be the reason for this?
A. Women preferred household work over participation in the freedom movement.
B. Society was patriarchal.
C. Women were not interested in political activities.
D. Women’s participation did not yield desired results.
Ans. B. Society was patriarchal.
The society in the 20th century was orthodox and upheld patriarchal principles. So women’s participation in the movement did not bring any radical change in their position. The predominant belief was that women should look after their homes, become good mothers and good wives.
Q. Why did the rich peasant communities refuse to participate when the Civil Disobedience movement was restarted in 1932?
A. Revenue rates were not revised earlier
B. M.K Gandhi gave up on its leadership
C. It supported only the industrial class
D. They opposed the principle of non-violence
Ans. A. Revenue rates were not revised earlier
In 1931, the movement was called off without any revision of revenue rates. This disappointed the rich peasants, and they refused to participate when the movement was re launched in 1932.
Q. Which among the following reasons explain the constant breakdown of unity within the national movement?
A. Failure of the Cripps mission
B. Failure in the provincial elections
C. Varied aspirations of diverse groups
D. Lack of strong leadership
Ans. C. Varied aspirations of diverse groups
Different groups participated in the movement with their own set of expectations, and freedom from colonial rule meant different things to different people. Many times, this difference of opinions led to disagreement among the people. This often led to the breakdown of unity within the movement.
Q. Who among the following was a leader of the Muslim League?
A. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
B. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
C. Badruddin Tyabji
D. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Ans. D. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
The Muslim League was formed in 1906 in Dhaka (Bangladesh) to safeguard the rights of Muslims in India. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was one of its leaders.
Q. According to dalit leaders, which among the following could bring about social change among dalits?
A. Improved housing
B. Separate electorates
C. Mid-day meals
D. Vernacular education
Ans. B. Separate electorates
Dalits in India were not allowed access to temples, wells, schools and their work was considered ‘undignified’. Dalit leaders believed that political empowerment would play a vital role in reducing social discrimination faced by dalits. So, they demanded separate electorates that would elect dalit members to Legislative Councils.
Q. Which among the following should be adopted by the government for the welfare of farmers during a period of economic depression
A. Encourage farmers to take up other occupations until the economy recovers
B. Bring more land under cultivation
C. Suggest that farmers limit the size of crops
D. Compel farmers to produce cash crops
Ans. C. Suggest that farmers limit the size of crops
The government should suggest that farmers should limit the size of crops as well as fix the amount to be produced. Those farmers who abide by the government rules should receive a subsidy.
Q. Identify the reason for the formation of Swaraj Party within the Congress. (CBSE SQP, 2019-20)
A. To demand dominion status for India
B. To return to Council Politics
C. To demand purna swaraj for Indians
D. To oppose Simon Commission
Ans. B. To return to Council Politics
To oppose British rule, C R Das and Motilal Nehru formed the Swaraj Party within the Congress and wanted members of the Congress to return to Council Politics.
Q. Which among the following factors explains the impact of worldwide depression on Indian agriculture?
A. Decline in exports
B. Reduction in revenue by landlords
C. Abolition of begar
D. Emergence of farmer’s union
Ans. Decline in exports
Agricultural prices had been declining since 1926 and collapsed after 1930. As the demand for agricultural goods decreased, there was a decline in exports affecting the agricultural economy during the depression.
Some more questions on the next pages