The Story of Village of Palampur Extra Questions: NCERT Class 9 Social Science
Q.1. Give a profile of the Village Palampur
- The village Palampur is an imaginary village with a population of 450 families. 80 upper castes families own majority of the land and they live in quite large pucca houses.
- Around 1/3rd or 150 families are SCs (Dalits). They live in one corner of the village in much smaller kutcha houses.
- Farming is the main production activity but people are also engaged in non-farm activities like small manufacturing, transport, shopkeeping, etc.
Q.2. Give a profile of the facilities available in Palampur.
Palampur is well-connected with neighbouring villages and towns with a fairly well-developed system of roads, transport, electricity, irrigation, schools and health centre.
Q.3. What are the factors of production? Give a brief description of each.
The resources (input) used to produce final products (output) are termed as factors of production namely – land, labour, capital, enterprise (human capital)
Land: it is it is major resource and the basic factors of production as water, forest, mineral resources etc. are found on land.
Labour: It is physical and mental efforts of people involved in the production of goods and services. Who may who may be unskilled and uneducated also like a farm labourer?
Capital: As a factor of production, it refers to purchase of goods made with money to use in a production process. A tractor purchased for farming is a capital. Desks and chair used in office are also capital.
- fixed capital: it refers to the things you bought or investment made to make use of them for many years like buying tractors, machines and tools etc.
- working capital: it refers to things that are bought and used up during the production process. For example, raw materials like yarns bought by the weavers, chemical fertilisers, seeds etc.
Enterprise: it refers to the human capital i.e. the person or persons who organise the factors of production to get and profit earning product or output. Various business companies are examples of enterprise that organise different factors of production to create product.
Q.4. What is the basic constraint in Palampur?
The basic constraint is that the land area is fixed to raise crop productions. almost all land that could be cultivated has been brought under cultivation.
Q.5. What are the different ways of increasing production on the same fixed piece of land?
Multiple cropping: It means when two or more crops are grown in the same piece of land during a year. In Palampur Jowar and Bajra are grown and potato is the third crop.
Modern Farming Methods: The Green Revolution in the 1960s increased production through modern farming methods like using HYV seeds, use of modern machinery like tractors, insecticides and pesticides, chemical fertilisers, the declaration etc.
Q.6. What are the effects on soil fertility and ground water of? modern farming methods?
Due to the green revolution, side fertility has decreased because of use of chemical fertilisers in the water table has gone down due to overuse of ground water through pumping sets. It has affected the environmental resources which are built over time and difficult to restore when overused or are used up.
Q.7. Give a brief description of the land distribution between the farmers of Palampur.
- Around 150 families out of 450 or mostly Dalits and have almost no land and therefore are landless farmers
- 240 families have less than 2 hectares of land.
- 60 families are medium and large farmers having more than 2 ha of land. A few large farmers have even more than 10 ha of land as for example the farmer Tejpal.
Q.8. Who provide labour in Palampur?
- The small farmers themselves provide labour for their farms along with the family members.
- The landless farmers and the small farmers are hired by the medium and large farmers.
- Wages are paid in cash or kind.
Q.9. What is the employment scenario in Palampur?
The employment in Palampur is available in three forms-
- on daily wages,
- for a particular farm activity
- for a whole year
Q.10. How capital is arranged in Palampur?
- The small farmers Borrow from medium and large farmers, money lenders and traders to charge high interest rate.
- The medium and large farmers had their own savings from the surplus production they get from the farms. They use this saving for the next farming season. Example – Tejpal is a big farmer who invests his savings from the surplus production in fixed capital like buying another tractor.