The Sermon at Benares Word Meanings Class 10 English CBSE

The Sermon at Benares Class 10 English: The vocabulary includes meanings of difficult words in English as well as Hindi so that the lesson ‘The Sermon at Banares’ is easily understood.

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Hindi meanings will be posted soon

Sacred – holy

Scriptures – holy and pious books

Befitted – appropriate and proper;

Royalty – related to kings;

Befitted Royalty – deserved royalty

Heretofore – till then, before this point;

Shield – save and protect;

Sufferings – sorrows;

Chanced upon – came across by chance, it so happened to be’

Funeral procession—the procession of a dead man taken to the burial or cremation ground;

Monk – a hermit;

Alms – begging;

Moved – (here) shook;

Seek – to find the desired things;

Enlightenment – divine knowledge, state of having got or realised high spiritual knowledge.

Concerning – connecting with or related to,

witness – see for yourself

vow – take a pledge or swear to something

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Bodhi tree—tree of wisdom;

The Buddha—the person who has received highest knowledge;

Wander—to roam here and there, linger,

Preach—to deliver sermon to spread the message

Sermon—religious or moral teaching;

Dipping places – places like the Ganga where people bathe by dipping into water

Preserved – kept safe from harm and encroachments

Reflects—shows and displays

Wisdom—prudence; intelligence of right and wrong

Inscrutable—which can’t be understood;

Only—single, with none other;

Neighbour—person dwelling beside or near you;



Lost her senses – as if gone mad, not understanding the realities to behave sensibly;

At length – at last

Physician – consulting doctor

Repaired – (here) went


Mustard-seed—seeds of mustard plant;

Procure – obtain, get or achieve by efforts

Remind—refresh the memory to make a recall of things in mind

Grief—suffering, great pain of heart and mind;


Hopeless— without hope; in despair

Wayside—the edge of road;

Flickered—lighted dimly; shone by flash

Extinguished—put out; exhausted

Reigned—(here) spread out;

Considered—thought deeply; pondered


Selfish— chiefly concerned with oneself;

Valley of Desolation—land (world) of sorrows and sufferings where none is spared of sorrows

Immortality—not affected by death; deathlessness

Surrender—submit or give up;

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Mortal—those who are bound to die;

Brief—short and of little duration.

Avoid—escape or ignore

Ripe—matured and fully grown;

Earthen vessels—pots and utensils of mud;

Potter – persons who makes earthen vessels

Subject—(here) under;

Grieving—to feel sorrow;

Depart – go away, leave the place

Kinsmen – relatives

Mark – look

Lamenting – grieving

Afflicted with – affected by



Decay – rot

Pale—yellow due to weakness;

Composed—calm and controlled in oneself

Overcome—conquered or controlled by

Blessed— having got blessings from God

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