Climate Class 9 Geography One Mark Short Questions

Climate Class 9 Geography One Mark Short Questions


1. What are the controls affecting the climate of India? Name the six major controls of the climate of the world.

2. Which tropic passes through the middle of the country and where?

3. India lies in which wind region of the world?

4. Why is Shimla cooler than Delhi?

5. What is the effect of relief on the climate of India?

6. The climate and weather conditions in India are governed by the three atmospheric conditions. Name them.

7. What is the position of jet streams during summer over India? How does it influence the arrival of monsoons? 


1. (i) Latitude
(ii) Altitude
(iii) Pressure and winds Climate 201
(iv) Distance from the sea
(v) Ocean currents
(vi) Relief

2. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country from the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east.

3. North-east trade winds.

4. Shimla is located at higher attitude therefore as one goes from the surface of the earth to higher altitudes; the atmosphere becomes less dense and temperature decreases. As a result, Shimla is cooler than Delhi.

5. High mountains act as barriers for cold or hot winds; they may also cause precipitation if they are high enough and lie in the path of rain-bearing winds. The leeward side of mountains remains dry.

6. (i) Pressure and surface winds
(ii) Upper air circulation
(iii) Western cyclonic disturbances and tropical conditions.

7. The movement of the westerly jet stream to the north of the Himalayas and the presence of the tropical easterly jet stream over the Indian peninsula during summer. Tropical easterly jet streams are responsible for bringing South west monsoons towards India. 

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