Climate Class 9 Geography One Mark Short Questions

Climate Class 9 Geography One Mark Short Questions


1. What are the four main seasons identified in India?

2. Where are changes of seasons more perceptible in India?

3. What are the characteristic features of weather conditions that prevail over India during the cold weather season? Which are the coldest months of northern India?

4. When does the winter season occur in India? Which winds prevail during winter reason?

5. How are northeast trade winds influenced on the Ganga valley?

6. What is the importance of winter rainfall?

7. Why does peninsular region not have a well-defined cold season?

8. What is the duration of summer season in India?

9. Which local wind blow in India during summer season?

10. What is the significance of dust storms in northern India?

11. What is Kaal Baisakhi?

12. What are mango showers? Where do they occur?

13. What is meant by breaks in rainfall?

14. Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar coast?

15. Which regions of India receive low rainfall during the south west monsoon season? 


1. The cold weather season, the hot weather season, the advancing monsoon and the retreating monsoon.

2. These changes are particularly noticeable in the interior parts of the country. The coastal areas do not experience much variation in temperature though there is variation in rainfall pattern.

3. The weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures and low humidity and feeble, variable winds. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India.

4. The cold weather season begins from mid-November in northern India and stays till February. The northeast trade winds prevail over the country during winter season.

5. Influenced by the relief, northeast trade winds blow through the Ganga valley from the west and the northwest.

6. Although the winter rainfall is small, they are of immense importance for the cultivation of ‘rabi’ crops.

7. The peninsular region does not have a well-defined cold season. There is hardly any noticeable seasonal change in temperature pattern during winters due to the moderating influence of the sea.

8. It prevails from March to May.

9. Strong, gusty, hot, dry winds blow during the day over the north and north-western India called as loo. Direct exposure to these winds may even prove to be fatal.

10. Dust storms are very common during the month of May in northern India. They bring temporary relief as they lower the temperature and may bring light rain and cool breeze.

11. Localised thunderstorms, associated with violent winds, torrential downpours, often accompanied by hail. In West Bengal, these storms are known as the ‘Kaal Baisakhi’ calamity for the month of Baisakh.

12. Towards the close of the summer season, pre-monsoon showers are common especially, in Kerala and Karnataka. They help in the early ripening of mangoes, and are often referred to as ‘mango showers’.

13. The monsoon has a tendency to have ‘breaks’ in rainfall. Thus, it has wet and dry spell means monsoon rains take place only for a few days at a time. They are interspersed with rainless intervals.

14. South-west monsoon winds account for rainfall along the Malabar Coast.

15. Deccan Plateau and parts of Madhya Pradesh receive small amount of rain as it lies in the rain shadow area. Rainfall in the Ganga valley decreases from the east to the west. Rajasthan and parts of Gujarat get scanty rainfall. 

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